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112 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
adipose
fatty tissue
apocrine
relating to sweat glands; the cells seperate and become part of the secretion
collagen
a major protein within the body
cutaneous
relating to the skin
dermatology
the study of skin and its appendages
dermis
dermal
the skin
epidermis
epidermal
the uppermost layer of skin
follicle
follicular
a spherical portion of cells that form a cavity
integumentary
body's covering, includes the skin, hair and nails
keratin
the protein present in hair and nails
lanugo
the fine, downy hair covering the fetus from the end of the first trimester
lunula
the crescent-shaped white area at the proximal end of the nail
melanin
the pigment within the skin
melanocyte
the pigment-producing cells within the skin
Mongolian spot
a variation of pigment often found on the sacrum and buttocks of African-Americans, Asians, Native Americans adn Latinos
nevus
a circumscribed, hyperpigmented area of the skin caused by a local overgrowth of melanin-forming cells
sebaceous gland
gland that produces oily secretion
sebum
the secretion of the sebaceous glands
shaft (hair)
the portion of hair that protrudes above the skin
stratum corneum
the outer layer of skin
stratum germinativum
the layer of skin that produces new cells
subcutaneous
beneath the skin
amphiarthrosis
a fibrocartilaginous joining of two bones
articular cartilage
the firm connective tissue that surrounds a joint
bone marrow
gritty, fatty substance that produces blood cells
bursa
a closed sac containing synovial fluid found in areas of the most friction
carpal
relating to the wrist bones
chiropractic
practice that uses the relationship between the musculoskeletal system and the functions of the body to restore health
chondrocyte
a cartilage cell within the matrix of cartilage
diaphysis
diaphyses
shaft of the bone
diarthrosis
diarthroses
synovial joint
endochondral
within the cartilage
epiphysis
epiphyses
area of the long bone where growth takes place
femur
femoral
thigh bone
humerus
humoral
bone in the arm between the shoulder and elbow
joint
area that connects two bones
joint capsule
area surrounding the joint that provides the fluid for movement and acts as a shock absorber
ligament
band of strong, fibrous tissue that connects the bones and provides support
medullary cavity
area inside bone that contains bone marrow
orthopedics
orthopedist
medical practice concerned with the form and function of the musculoskeletal system
osteoblast
young bone cell that produces bone
osteoclast
cell that resorbs bone to help shape new bone
osteocyte
bone cell
periosteum
outer covering of bone
rheumatology
rheumatologist
rheumatoid
rheumatic
study of conditions related to musculoskeletal movement
sternum
chest bone
synarthrosis
synarthroses
fibrous joint
synovial fluid
fluid that bathes the joints to prevent friction
vertebra
vertebrae
bone of the spine
homeostasis
state of equilibrium among the body systems
involuntary muscle
muscle that cannot be controlled by the person; smooth muscle
ligament
band of fibrous tissue connecting two or more bones
skeletal muscle
striated muscle fibers connected to the bones of the body; voluntary muscle
smooth muscle
muscle fibers of the internal organs; involuntary muscle
striated muscle
voluntary skeletal muscle with cross fibers
voluntary muscle
muscle that can be controlled (moved) by the person
accommodation
ability to focus and see
aqueous humor
watery fluid in front of the lens
conjunctiva
conjunctivas
mucous membrane lining the inner eyelids
cornea
corneal
outer portion of the eye thru which ligh passes to the retina
intraocular
within the eye
iris
colored portion of the eye
lacrimal
pertaining to tears
nasolacrimal
petaining to the nasal and lacrimal bones or ducts
ophthalmologist
ophthalmology
ophthalmologic
physician specializing in
diseases of the eye
ophthalmoscope
ophthalmoscopy
ophthalmoscopic
instrument to view the eye
ophthalmus
ophthalmic
eye
optic
optical
pertaining to the eye or sight
optometrist
professional who tests visual acuity and prescribes corrective lenses
presbyopia
farsightedness due to aging
sclera
outer, dense, fibrous, opaque white layer of the eye
vitreous humor
jellylike fluid behind the lens
acoustic
sound
auditory
hearing
aural
relating to the ear
auricle
auricular
external ear
cerumen
earwax
cochlea
spiral-shaped structure within the ear
eustachian tube
passageway leading from the middle ear to the nasopharynx
fenestra ovalis
oval opening between the middle ear and the vestibule
incus
anvil-shaped bone in the middle ear
malleus
bone of the middle ear
otoscope
otoscopy
instrument for examining the eardrum
periauricular
surrounding the ear
pinna
the external ear
stapes
small bone of the middle ear
tympanic membrane
eardrum
alveoli
alveolar
grapelike portion at the terminal end of the bronchial tree; area where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged
bronchus
bronchi
bronchial
section of the respiratory tract formed from the trachea; it branches into right and left sections
bronchial tree
portion of the lower respiratory tract that looks like a tree, consisting of the two primary bronchi, like the truck of the tree; the bronchioles, like branches and the alveoli, like leaves
bronchiole
bronchioli
subdivision of the bronchi
carbon dioxide
gas molecule removed from teh body by the process of respiration
cilia
cilium
hairlike structures that line certain structures within the body to move substances; cilia moves foreign substances up and toward the outside
epiglottis
elastic like cartilage that acts as a valve over the top of the larynx to prevent food from being aspirated into the trachea during swallowing
esophagus
structure between the pharynx and the stomach
expiration
process of breathing out; exhalation
inspiration
process of breathing in; inhalation
laryngopharynx
area of the pharynx above the opening of the larynx
larynx
area of the respiratory tract between the pharynx and trachea; contains the vocal cords
naris
nares
opening of the nose; nostril
nasal septum
separation of the nasal cavity
nasopharynx
part of the pharynx located above the soft palate that opens into the nasal cavity and connects with the oropharynx
olfactory
relating to smell
oropharynx
area of the pharynx behind the mouth that joins the nasopharynx
paranasal sinuses
cavities in the head that surround the nose; they lighten the weight of the skull
pharynx
area between the mouth and nasal cavities and the esophagus; the throat
pleura
membrane surrounding the lungs
pulmonology
relating to the lungs; study of the lungs
respiration
respiratory
process of breathing
surfactant
substance secreted into the alveoli to decrease surface tension
thoracic cavity
chest cavity
trachea
air tube that leads from the larynx into the chest