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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Torso
Thorax ---the chest cavity
Abdomen – represented externally as the anterior abdominal wall
Skull
Cranial portion ----part of skull that houses the brain and its components
Facial part----- part of skull that houses the mouth, pharynx, nasal cavity, and structures related to the upper airway and the mastication
Upper Extremity
arm, the forearm, wrist, and hand.
Lower extremity
thigh, leg, ankle, and foot
Upper Extremity
arm, the forearm, wrist, and hand.
Lower extremity
thigh, leg, ankle, and foot
Axial skeleton
is the head and trunk, with the spinal column being the axis
appendicular skeleton
includes the lower and upper limbs
Anatomical Position
for humans – standing erect, facing the observer, arms by the side with palms and tips of the feet facing the observer
Ventral
Pertaining to the belly or anterior surface
Dorsal
Pertaining to the back of the body or posterior surface
Anterior
Towards the front of the body or subpart
Posterior
Towards the back of the body or subpart
Superficial
near the surface
Deep
Away from the surface
Superior
The upper point; nearer the head
Inferior
The lower point; nearer the feet
External
Towards the exterior of a body
Internal
Enclosed or on the interior
Cranial
Toward the head
Caudal
Toward the tail or coccyx
Medial/mesial
Toward the midline of the body or subpart
Lateral
Away from the midline of the body or subpart
Proximal
Closer to the trunk or thorax; nearer to the attached end
Distal
Further away from the trunk or thorax; further from the attached end
Central
Relative to the center of a structure
Peripheral
Relative to the periphery or away from the center
Proximal
Closer to the trunk or thorax; nearer to the attached end
Distal
Further away from the trunk or thorax; further from the attached end
Central
Relative to the center of a structure
Peripheral
Relative to the periphery or away from the center