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15 Cards in this Set

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cytoplasm
all cellular contents between plasma membrane and nucleus
nucleus
contains genetic blueprint
'control center'
Endoplasmic reticulum
2 types
membranous network
-smooth- releases glucose, detoxifies, and stores calcium ions
-rough- ribosomes and synthesis of proteins
'circulatory system'
'manufacturing plant'
ribosomes
synthesize proteins
'protein factories'
golgi complex
transforms and transports and eliminates chemical products required for cellular activity
'packaging center'
lysosomes
sacs containing enzymes(protein) -digests food etc.
mitochondria
power source of cell, where combustion of nutrients happens
'power plant'
centrioles
involved in cell division
gene
functional unit of heredity, is in a specific spot on chromosome
4 types of tissue
epithelial
connective
muscle
nerve
epithelial tissue
covers body surfaces and lines body cavities, hollow organs and ducts
connective tissue
protects and supports body, binds organs together, stores energy reserves as fat, provides immunity
muscle tissue
generates the force to move body structures
nerve tissue
transmits impulses that coordinate body activity
integumentary system
includes skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, oil glands, regulates temp