Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/17

Click to flip

17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Pronation
A rotational movement of the forearm that turns the palm downward or posteriorly.
Opposition
A movement of the thumb in which it touches any fingertip of the same hand.
Action
The movement produced by the contraction of a particular muscle.
Circumduction
A joint movement in which one end of an appendage remains relatively stationary and the other end is moved in a circle.
Extension
Movement of a joint that increases the angle between the articulating bones.
Supination
A rotational movement of the forearm that turns the palm so that it faces upward or forward.
Articulation
A skeletal joint; any point at which two bones meet. May or may not be movable.
Bursa
A sac filled with synovial fluid at a diarthrosis, serving to facilitate muscle or joint action.
Symphysis
A joint in which two bones are held together by fibrocartilage; For example, between bodies of vertebrae and between the right and left pubic bones.
Synovial Fluid
A lubricating fluid similar to eggwhite in consistency, found in the synovial joint cavities and bursae.
Osteoarthritis
A chronic degenerative joint disease characterized by loss of articular cartilage, growth of bone spurs, and impared movement; occurs to various degrees in almost all people with age.
Synovial Joint
A point where two bones are separated by a narrow, encapsulated space filled with lubricating synovial fluid; most such joints are relatively mobile.
Flexion
A joint movement that, in most cases, decreases the angle between two bones. Compare extension.
Adduction
Movement of a body part toward the midsagittal plane, such as bringing the feet together from a spread-legged position.
Dorsiflexion
A movement of the ankle that reduces the joint angle and raises the toes.
Elevation
A joint movement that raises a body part, as in hunching the shoulders or closing the mouth.
Abduction
Movement of a body part away from the midsagittal plane, as in raising an arm away from the side of the body.