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35 Cards in this Set

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Interosseous Membrane
A fibrous membrane that connects the radius to the ulna and the tibia to the fibula along most of the shaft of each bone.
Superior
Higher than another structure or point of reference from the perspective of anatomical position; for example, the lungs are superior to the diaphragm.
Corona
A halo or crownlike structure, as in the corona radiata or the coronal structure of the skull.
Tarsal
Pertaining to the ankle.
Upper Extremity
The appendage that arises from the shoulder, consisting of the brachium from shoulder to elbow, the antebrachium from elbow to wrist, the wrist, and the hand; loosely called the arm, but that term properly refers only to the brachium.
Calcaneal Tendon
A thick tendon at the heel that attaches the triceps surae muscles to the calcaneus; also called the achilles tendon.
Auditory Ossicles
Three small middle-ear bones that transfer vibrations from the tympanic membrane to the inner ear; the malleus, incus, and stapes.
Skeletal System
An organ system consisting of the bones, ligaments, bone marrow, periosteum, articular cartilages, and other tissues associated with the bones.
Carpal
Pertaining to the wrist.
Xiphoid Process
A small pointed cartilaginous or bony process at the inferior end of the sternum.
Zygomatic Arch
An arch of bone anterior to the ear, formed by the zygomatic processes of the temporal, frontal, and zygomatic bones; origin of the masseter muscle.
Vertebra
One of the bones of the spinal column.
Caudal
Pertaining to a tail or narrow tail-like part of an organ.
Costal cartilage
A bladelike plate of hyaline cartilage that attaches the distal end of a rib to the sternum.
Lamina
A think layer, such as the lamina of a vertebra or the lamina propria of a mucous membrane.
Inferior
Lower than another structure or point of reference from the perspective of anatomical position; for example, the stomach is inferior to the diaphragm.
Medial
Toward the midline of an organ or midsagittal plane of the body. Compare lateral.
Fovea
A small pit, such as the fovea capitis of the femur or fovea centralis of the retina.
Cranial
Pertaining to the cranium.
Nucleus Pulposus
The gelatinous center of an intervertebral disc.
Orbit
The eye socket of the skull.
Pedicle
A small footlike process, as in the vertebrae and renal podocytes; also called a pedicel.
Pelvis
A basinlike structure such as the pelvic girdle of the skeleton or the urine-collecting space near the hilium of the kidney.
Condyle
A rounded knob on a bone serving to produce smooth motion at a joint.
Foramen
A hole through a bone or other organ, in many caes providing passage for blood vessels and nerves.
Corpus
Body or mass; the main part of an organ, as opposed to such regions as a head, tail, or cervix.
Ramus
An anatomical branch, as in a nerve or in the pubis.
Anterior
Pertaining to the front of the body. Ventral.
Aspect
A particular view of the body or one of its structures, or a part that faces in a particular direction, such as the anterior aspect.
Calvaria
The rounded bony dome that forms the roof of the cranium; skullcap.
Lower Extremity
The appendage that arises from the hip, consisting of the thigh from hip to knee; the crural region from knee to ankle; the ankle; and the foot; loosely called the leg, although that term properly refers only to the crural region.
Posterior
Near or pertaining to the back or spinal side of the body; dorsal.
Spine
The spinal column.
Costal
Pertaining to the ribs.
Stenosis
The narrowing of a passageway such as a heart valve or uterine tube; a permanent, pathological constriction as opposed to physiological constriction of a passageway.