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25 Cards in this Set

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These are located between the vertebrae. they provide shock absorption
Intervertebral discs
Has a unique structure called the dens or odontoid process
The axis
Consists of the manubrium, gladiolus, and xiphoid process
The sternum
Abnormal lateral curvature of the spine
Scoliosis
An exaggerated thoracic curvature of the spine
Kyphosis
an exaggerated lumbar curvature of the spine
lordosis
There are seven of these vertebrae
cervical vertebrae
Vertebra C1; it supports the head
atlas
the most obvious feature of a vertebra; a mass of spongy bone and red bone marrow covered with a thin layer of compact bone
The body
there are 5 of this type of vertebra
Lumbar
there are 12 of this tpe of vertebrae
thoracic
bony plate that forms the posterior wall of the pelvic cavity
sacrum
this is a vestige of a tail,although it is not entirely useless. it provides attachment for muscles to the pelvic floor.
coccyx
Thoracic vertebrae do not have...
A. TRANSVERSE FORAMINA
B. costal facets
C. spinous processes
D. transverse processes
E. pedicles
The bone that supports your body weight when you sit down is...
The ischium
A herniated disc occurs when this ring cracks
anulus fibrosus
TRUE OR FALSE

The lumbar vertebrae do not articulate with any ribs and therefor do not have transverse processes.
FALSE
Three major thing s the thoracic cage is made up of.
the thoracic vertebrae
sternum
ribs
This process provides attachment for some of the abdominal muscles.
xiphoid process
The most distinctive features of the lumbar vertebrae.
Thick, stout body and blunt, squarish spinous process.
This physically supports the skull and trunk, allows for movement, protects the spinal cord, and absorbs stresses produced by walking running and lifting.
The Vertebral Column
TRUE OR FALSE

A person is 1% shorter when they go to bed at night than they are when they wake in the morning.
TRUE
TRUE OR FALSE

A newborn's spine has one continuous C shaped curve instead of four like adults.
TRUE
TRUE OR FALSE

Thoracic vertebrae are the only type that have ribs articulating with them.
TRUE
This vertebra allows rotation of the head as in gesturing "no".
The Axis