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70 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Some organic molecules form long chains of c which is called?
aliphatic
Some organ molecules form rings of carbon, they are called ________.
aromatic
Chemical level of body includes?
atoms combine to form molecules

C-carbon
N-nitrogen
P-phosphorus
h-hydrogen
O-oxygen
CA-calicum
Cellular level...
whats the study of cells
Molecules combine to form cells
cytology
4 groups of tissue in body
Epithielial, muscular, nervous, connective
Organ level of body...
a group of tissues working together for a common function
How many tissues must there be to make an organ
2 or more working together.
Organsimal level=
You
What are the basic life processes?
Metabolism
-catabolism
-anabolism
Responsiveness
Movement
Growth
Differentiation-stem cells become specialized
Reproduction
What are the organic molecule groups?
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
What are carbohydrates made of
Carbon, oxygen, hydrogen
In what ration of is carbs made
C H O
2 n
What is the formula for glucose
C H O
6 12 6
What does ATP stand for?
Adenosine triphosphate
What is used to form cell membrane portions that work as signals for cellular recognition?
Carbohydrates
How are carbs clasified?
By size
What is the total carbohydrate mass in the body?
2-3%
What are lipids made of?
C, H, O and may also contain phosphorus (in form of phosphate- P04
WHat is made up of very long C chains?
Lipids
Lipids do not mix with
Water
What are the types of lipids?
Netural fat
Phospholipids
steroids
eicosanoids
What is made of long c chains w/ lots of H + acid group at one end?
Netural fat/triglyceride/triglycerol
What is a molecule w/ a phosphate end that can mix w/ polar molecules such as water+ a lipid end that cannot?
Phospholipids
What is used in forming cell membranes?
Phospholipids
Steroids have what kind fo an arrangement?
Aromatic
What is used in inflammation and formation?
Eicosanoids
Proteins are made of...
Long chains of units called amino acids joined together by peptide bonds.
Bile is what kind of lipid?
Steroid
How many naturally occuring amino acids are in the body?
20
WHat organelle forms proteins?
Ribosomes
Proteins have what kind of structure?
3-d structure
What includes prostoglandins and leukotenes?
Eicosanoids
What is a quanternary sequence?
H-bond interaction between adjacent protein molecules.
Proteins are used as?
Enzymes, structures, and food reserves for energy.
Nucleic acids are made of?
C, H, O, P, S, N
Sequence of nucleotide components form?
genes.
What forms RNA+DNA
Nucleic Acids
What is osmosis?
The net movement of solvent moleculess from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration through a semi permeable membrane.
When a cell colaspes it is called?
Crenation
When a cell bursts it is called?
Hemolysis
What is equilibrium?
No net movement of molecules/
What are the cell membrane transport types?
Passive transport:
Disfusion
Facilitated diffusion
Osmosis
Active Transport:
Carrier mediated active transport
Vesicular transport
What is carrier mediated active transport?
Molecules are carried via transport proteins.
What is facilitated diffusion?
When molecules are carried across the membrane by a way of transport proteins
Does vesicular transport travel with the concentration gradient?
No. It goes against.
Does facilitated diffusion occur against the concentration gradient?
No, it goes with.
What requires ATP?
Active transport.
What type of muscular tissue has one central nucleus?
SMooth muscle.
WHat type of muscular tissue is multinucleate?
Skeletal muscle.
What tytpe of muscular tissue has cylindar shaped cells?
skeletal muscle.
In skeletal muscule where is the nuclei located?
@ cells edges
What musclar tissue contains internal protein fibers?
Skeletal muscle
What is found making up walls of hollow organs?
Smooth muscle
What muscular tissue has alternating protein fibers?
Smooth muscle
What makes up the wall of the heart?
Cardiac muscle
what muscular tissue is made of branched interwoven cells?
Cardiac Muscle
What muscular tissue contains cell to cell junctions called intercalated disc?
Cardiac muscle
What kind of tissue has lots of matrix with few cells scattered through matrix?
Connective tissue.
What type of CT is semi fluid matrix w/ hyaluronic acid to make matrix thick?
Aerolar CT
What type of CT forms storage area for different molecules
Aerolar CT
What kind of CT stores fat?
Adipose CT
What CT is avasular?
Cartilage
What cells are found in Aerolar CT?
Fibroblasts.
What CT makes up tendons and ligaments?
Dense fibrous (regular) CT
Which CT has fibers oriented in parallel fashion?
Dense fibrous (regular) CT
Which CT has cells called chondrocytes?
Cartilage CT
Cartilage matrix contains
Hyauronic acid and chondronectin+ chondrotin sulfate
Which CT forms are foundation for other tissues?
Reticular CT
Which CT acts as a insulate for the body and cushions it?
Adipose CT
Chondrocytes live in trapped small spaces called?
Lacunae