Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/23

Click to flip

23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Cranium (suture)
-non-movable joint b/t bones
-collagenous fibers
-zig-zag pattern
(Cranium) Foramen magnum
-hole in occipital bone
(Cranium) Occipital condyte
-articulates w/ the axis where head sits on vertabrae
-one either side of foramen magnum
-covered w/ hylene carilage
Facial (foramena)
-holes where blood vessels and nerves pass through from inside head to outside of bone
Fontanels
-"soft spot" of baby's skull
-fibrous connective tissue in fetal skull
-during birth, baby's head compresses to fit through pelvis inlet
-disappaear by 2 years old
-occipital bone tucks under parietal fibrocartilage
Herniated Disks
-anulus (outer ring) has been torn or pulled apart
-pulposus (inner nucleus) fills space where anulus should be
-if pulposus leaks out, it cold put pressue on spinal nerves
-pressure could result in mild to severe pain
Ribcage (True ribs)
-make direct contact with sternum
Ribcage (False ribs)
-make indirect or no contact with sternum
Ribcage (false ribs)
-no contact w/ sternum
Ribcage
-Costal (hyliene) cartilage attaches ribs to breast bone
Sternum
-where ribs attach
-short for manuverability
Sternum (manubrium)
-top portion of sternum
-widest part of sternum
Sternum (Body)
-largest bone in sternum
-connects to all ribs
Sternum (Xiphoid Process)
-small tip on inferior end of sternum
-used as a landmark in CPR and the Heimlich manuver
Vertibral column (Cervical)
-supports muscles in neck
Vertibral column (Thoracic)
-supports ribs
Vertibral column (lumbar)
-supports muscles in lower back
Vertibral column (sacral)
-fused together by mid 20's
-form sacrum
Vertibral column (coccygeal)
-fused together
-form coccyx
-curves for protection on what you sit
Vertibral column
-all sections have distinctive curves
-curvature of spine and intervertebral disks are used as shock absorbers
Abnormal spinal curvatures (Kyphophsis)
-abnormal curve of Thoracic section
-in elderly women
-results from osteoperosis
Abnormal spinal curvatures (Lordosis)
-abnormal curve of Lumbar section
-results in protruding abdomen and buttox
-due to pregnancy
Abnormal spinal curvatures (Scoliosis)
-Lateral curving of vertebrae
-most common curvature abnormality