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67 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
axial skeleton
head and trunk, skull, middle ear bones, hyoid bones,rib cage,vertebrae, and sternum
appendicular skeleton
arms and legs and pectoral and pelvic girdles
legsblood vessels or nerves pass through a bone through a?
foramen
enlargements at he ends of bone allows it to meet or ---- with other bones in proper manner
articulate
bumps indicate where--- attach to the bone
muscle, tendons or ligaments
fossa
a large,flat region or shallow depression on a bone
groove
a narrow depression on a bone through which some other struture runs
head
a rounded enlargement cacrried on a neck of a bone which takes part in forming a joint
line
a narrow ridge, smaller than a crest, but also a place where a flat ligament,tendon, or mussle attacha to a bone
meatus
tube-like opening or passage in a bone
neck
a narrowed region at one end of a long bone , leading to a head
process
a general term for a long projection from a bone
protuberance
small irregular projection from a bone
ramus
round or flattened extension from the body of a bone usually for articulation with another bone
sinus
an air-filled cavity within the bone, lined by mucous membrane
spine
sharp slender projection of a bone for muscle tendon or ligament attachment
tuberacle
small rounded projection of a bone
trochanter
large irregularly shaped projection of a bone
tuberosity
large, rounded projection of a bone for muscle attachment
wing
an elongated. flattened extension of a bone
body
the main part of a bone from which other markings often extend
canal
a tube like opening through bone, nerves and blood vessels often pass through canals
condyle
a relatively large rounded projection where a bone articulates with part of another bone
crest
a narrow ridge on the bone usually found where flat muscle tendon or ligament attaches to the bone
diaphysis
the cylindrical shaft of a long bone may have other markings on it
epicondyle
a relatively small rounded bump where mescles, tendons, or ligaments attach to a bone. an epicondyle is always located on the surface of a condyle
epiphysis
the enlarged end of a long bone ofthen includes other markings such as condyles or epicondyles
facet
a smooth flat area where the bone articulates with part of another bone
fissure
a narrow enlongated opening usually irregular shaped nerves and blood vessels often pass through fissures
nonmovable joints are called?
sutures
spinal column consists
33 individual vertebrae
number of cervical vertabrae
7
number of thoracic vertabrae
12 all attach to ribs with a slopign spinous process
number of lumbar vertabrae
5 with a squarish spinous process resist twisting
sacral consists of
5 fused vertebrae and intervertebral foramia
coccyx consists of
4 partially fused vertebrae
true ribs
1-7 attach directly to the sternum through costal catilages
false ribs
8-10 attach to the rib above through costal cartilages
floating ribs
11 and 12
joint that separtates the axial skeleton from the appendicular skeleton of the upper limb
sternoclavicular joint
thumb is called the
pollex
big toe is called the
hallux
what forms the roof and the walls of the skull
calvaria
the pituitary gland is in
sella turcia
The crista galli forms a point of attachment for
the meninges(membranes that enclose the brain)
cribriform plate
allows the passage of olfactory nerve fibers to the brain.
number of facial bones form the face
14
largest facial bone
maxillae
tears collect in the
lacrimal sac
strongest bone of the skull
mandible
The soft spots on an infant skull
fontanels
functions of The vertebral column
supports the skull and trunk, protects the spinal cord and acts as a shock absorber during movement.
what separate most of the 33 vertebrae.
Intervertebral discs of fibrocartilage
Atlas
holds up the head
axis
allows head to move around
The body of each vertebra
is a mass of spongy bone surrounded by compact bone and is the weight-bearing portion.
What is the pectoral girdle
supports the arm. It consists of the clavicle and scapula.
The upper extremity is divided into four regions:
: brachium, antebrachium(foreaarm,) carpus and manus.
The brachium contains only one bone-
the humerus
Where the humerus articulates with the ulna what is found
olecranon fossa and coronoid fossa
antibrachium
the forearm consists of the radius and ulna
carpus
wrist, contains eight small bones arranged in two rows.
a. The 8 carpals are: Scaphoid, lunate, triquetral, pisiform, trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, and hamate.
manus and #of bones
hand, contains 19 bones in two groups. Metacarpal bones and phalanges.
functions of the pelvic girdle
supports the trunk on the legs and encloses and protects the pelvic viscera.
Each half of the pelvic girdle is called
os coxae
crural region
tibia and fibula
pes is composed of
7 tarsal bones, 5 metatarsals and 14 phalanges.