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140 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
study of blood?
hematology
study of heart, vessels and blood?
circulatory system
study of heart and vessels?
cardiovascular system
where does O2 go?
to body
where does Co2 go?
away from lungs
how much blood in body?
12 pints; 4 to 6 liters
how much plasma, hematocrit & leukocytes
55% 45% less than 1%
what do males have more of?
fibrinogen
what is the term for clotting factor?
fibrinogen
term for manufacture of blood?
hemopisis
what turns into amino acid recycle?
red cell membrane
what is broken down into urobilinogen?
bilirubin
where does color come from?
dead blood cells
what is the cause of jaundice?
liver isn't developed yet
term for lack of hemoglobin?
anemia
term forlack of B12 and lack of iron?
pernicious anemia
what is the term for blood loss?
meocorrhagic
term for red blood cell destruction?
hemolytic
what is the blood type tht is universal donor?
O negetive
what blood tye is the universal recepitant?
AB positive
what type of blood can take A antibodies?
B
what type of blod can take B antibodies?
A
what is the term fortoo many WBC?
leukopoiesis
what is the term for over 10,000 WBC?
leukocytosis
what is the term fr too few of white blood cells?
leukopenia
what is the te for less than 5,000 WBC?
leukopenia
what is the term for cancer of hemopietic tissues?
leukemia
how long can a person last with acute leukemia?
die within a few months
how long can a person last with chronic leukemia?
die within 3 yrs if untreated
what is the function of platlets?
clotting
when the body goes into shock what vessels are constricted?
vascular spasms
what vitamin thickens the blood and enhances clottig reaction?
Vitamin K
what is the term for masses of blood clots?
hematomas
what is the term for clot of lood in an ubroken vessel?
thrombosis
what is the term for when thrombosis travels?
embolus
what is the study of heat and treatment of its disorders?
cardiology
what are the 2 divisions of cardiovascular system?
pulmonary & systemic circuit
term for carries bloodto lungs for gas exchange & returns to heart?
pulmonary circuit
term for supplies blood to every organ of body?
systemic circuit
term for cleaning cycle?
pulmonary circuit
right side of heart is what circuit?
pulmonary
left side of heart is what circuit?
systemic
what is the sac around heart called? double wall layer?
pericardium
2 parts of heart outer layer?
visceral & parietal
what is visceral?
what is parietal?
inner ; outer
what protects & reduces friction?
parietal fluid
what layer of the heart is the thickest?
myocardium
what is the main layer? middle layer of heart?
myocardium
term for death of heart tissue?
mycardial infarction
term for chest pain?
angina
what artery nourishes the heart?
coronary artery
what stage is heartbeat & high pressure?
systole
what stage is resting?
diastole
in QRS what happens durng R?
ventricles recharge
what should you look for in QRS?
how weak or strong
term for impulse of heart?
EKG
pacemaker is?
SA node
average pulse of men & women?
72
pulse of men?
65-72
pulse of women?
72-80
term for fast pulse? over 100?
tachycardia
term for slow pulse? below 60?
bradycardia
term for listening?
auscultation
term for senses change in activity of heart & tells heart to beat faster?
propriocepters
what has no valves?
arteries
away from heart?
arteries
what has thick walls?
arteries
to heart?
veins
thin walls & has 1 valve?
veins
what carries dirty & clean blood?
pulmonary
biggest muscle in body
aorta
biggest vein in body
vena cava
term for high bp & above 140?
hypertension
bp device?
sphygmomanometer
what does map stand for?
mean
absolute
pressure
what is pulse pressure?
difference between diastole & systole
blood carries what 4 things?
CO2 & O2, nutrients and waste
stem cells are from bone marrow to where?
various organs so can develop further
clear extracellular matrix?
plasma
another term for WBC?
erythrocyte
another term for RBC?
leukocyte
smallest & most abundant plasma protein?
ambulin
what plays role in solute transport, clotting and immunity?
globulin
3 classes of globulin?
alpha, beta, gamma
how long does hemoglobulin last?
3 months
urobilnogen responsible for what color?
brown
what happens when heme is destroyed?
produces different colors
greenish pigment?
biliverdin
greenish/ yellowish pigment?
bilirubin
most abundant WBC?
neutrophil
hard to find WBC?
eosinophil
3 types of granulocytes?
neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils
rarest WBC?
basophil
largest WBC?
monocyte
leukemia that is uncontrolled granuloyte production?
myeloid
leukemia that has uncontrolled lymphocyte or monocyte production?
lympoid
stopping of bleeding?
hemostasis
what happens with HDN?
mother is RH negetive and fetus is RH positive
antibodies belong to what class of plasma proteins?
gamma globulins
mushroom poisoning causes?
hemolytic anemia
O+ baby can't have what type blood of mother?
AB-
what contributes to viscosity of blood?
fibrin
excess of iron in liver is called?
ferritin
lack of intrinsic fiber is called?
pernicious anemia
term for muscle cells depolarize spontanously regular intervals?
autorhymtic
where is SA node located?
by superior vena cava & right atrium
another name for bundle of his?
AV bundle
nerve like processes arise from lower end of bundle branches and goes upwards?
purnkinje fibers
where is AV bundle located?
right atrium & inatrial septum
what heart sound is longer and louder?
S1
what heart sound is shorter and softer?
S2
pressure sensors in aorta & internal carotid arteries?
baroreceptors
term for sensitive to blood PH & carbon dioxide?
chemoreceptors
amount of tension in myocardium before it beings to contract?
preload
bp in arteries outside of SL valves?
afterload
atria contracts during?
PQ segment
thin walled vessels connect small arteries to small veins?
capillaries
3 layers of arteries and veins?
tunica interna, tunica media, tunica externa
accumulation of excess fluid in tissues?
edema
substance causes drop in bp?
histamine
3 sets of tonsils?
pharyngeal, palatine, lingual
acute inflammation of palatine tonsils?
tonsilitis
the RBC antigens that determine transfusion compatability is called?
aggultinogens
what results from a mutation that changes one amino acid in the hemoglobin molecule?
sickle cell anemia
occurs as a result of exposure to an antigen to which one is hypersensitive?
anaphylactic shock
term for standing feet together and palms forward?
anatomical position
term for above another part?
superior
term for body part further away fom middle?
lateral
term for closer to point of attachment?
proximal
term for farther away from point of attachment?
distal
something close to body surface?
superfical
where is blood made?
red marrow of bones
lowest pressure during cardiac cycle?
diastole
highest pressure during cardiac cycle?
systole
area blood vessel that bulges during diastole?
aneurysm
another name for fainting?
syncopp
oxygen defieciency in blood?
hypoxia
what does cbc?
complete blood count
what does a plabotomist deal with?
testing blood
which of the 2 ventricles has largest volume?
left