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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Anatomy
Science of structure
Physiology
Science of function
Pathology
study of disease
Pathophysiology
study of how a disease works
Homeostasis
common balance
System
Organs that work together
Epithelial
thin linging tissue
Positive feedback
stimulation increases untils something happens - ex. childbirth
Negative feedback
Brings what we are moving up and then stops ex. heart rate
System organization
chemicals=molecules=cells=groups of cells=tissue=organs
Thoracic cavity
chest, pleural
Abdominopelvic
upper=abdominal lower=pelvic
transverse plane
divides the body into a superior (or upper) and an inferior (or lower) section
Superior
above or near the head, also known as cranial
Inferior
below also, toward the feet
Coronal Plane
divides the body into front and rear sections
Anterior
front side of the body, also known as ventral
Posterior
back side of the body, also known as the dorsal
Medial
toward the midline
Lateral
away from the midline
Proximal
closest part nearest the trunk or head
Distal
farthest end from the trunk or head
Dorsal
back side of the body, also known as the posterior
Ventral
front side of the body, also known as anterior.
Midsagittal Plane
the midline, i.e. it would pass through midline structures such as the navel or spine, and all other sagittal planes are parallel to it
Sagittal Plane
plane divides the body into left and right portions
prone position
the body lying face down
supine
the body is face up
4 quadrants of the abdomen
Right Upper Quadrant
Right Lower Quadrant
Left Upper Quadrant
Left Lower Quadrant
epigastric
An abdominal pain or an abdominal viscus might be described as "epigastric