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95 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The structural level of organization which contains a number of different tissues which form a working unit is a...
organ
The membranes around the intestines and other organs in the abdominal cavity are called the...
periotoneal membranes
ADH causes a person to...
lose less water in their urine
The trap door that covers the trachea when swallowing is called the...
epiglottis
The tissue found in alveoli and capillaries is called
simple squamos
the section of a chromosome called a gene functions in making...
proteins
the blood cells that are in the least abundance are the...
leukocytes
this layer contains elastic tissue and other connective tissue in arteries..
tunica externa
this layer of the heart that lines the chambers and forms the valves is called the..
endocardium
during deploarization of the neuron, which ion moves from the outside to inside of the plasma membrane
sodium or Na+
the structural level of organization which contains a number of different organs with similar functions is called a...
organ system
the membranes around the lungs in the thoracic cavity are called the...
pleural membranes
most nephrons are located which part of the kidneys
cortex
the passageway common to both the respiratory and the digestive systerms is called the..
pharynx
tendons and ligaments are made up of..
dense fibrous connective tissue
the cell membrane us primarily made up of two layers of..
phospholipids
the blood cells that are in greatest abundance are the..
erythrocytes
which layer contains the type of tissue called smooth muscle which is reponsible for the contracting of vessels?
tunica media
the layer of the heart that contains cardiac muscle for contraction is the...
myocardium
the...is composed of the brain and spinal cord
CNS
a plane that divides the body into superior and inferior regions is a
transverse plane
this pericardium is the layer of the membranes that touches the heart wall
visceral
a kidney contains how many nephrons?
one million
this takes place when substances move from the filtrate to the peritubular capillaries..
reabsorption
gas exchange in the air sacs occurs when oxygen diffuses from the alveoli to the..
blood in the pulmonary capillaries
the earlobe is made up of
elastic tissue
the skeleton is made up of
osseous tissue
the organelle responsible for energy production by making ATP is called the..
mitochondria
in DNA, adenine is complementary to..
thymine
messenger RNA is made by the process called..
transcription
the plane that divides the body into equal left and right regions is a..
midsagittal plane
the belly button is ... to the spine
anterior
the heart is ... to the lungs
medial
the nose is ... to the mouth
superior
the skin is ... to the muscle beneath it
superficial
when your body temperature rises due to excercise, you sweat to cool your body (opposite response)
negative feedback
when a woman goes into labor, the original reaction increases more of the same actions called a
positive feedback mechanism
the seperating line between the thoracic cavity and abdominal cavity is the
diaphragm
the body cavity in which coronary bypass surgery would occur is the
thoracic cavity
the body cavity in which a brain tumor would be removed is the
dorsal cavity
stable inernal enviroment of the body depite changing external conditions is known as
homeostasis
there are ... kinds of skin cancer
3
the most dangerous kind of skin cancer affects the
melanocytes
the waterproofing and strenghtening protein in the epidermis is called
keratin
which system contains the skin and its appendages
integumentary
the layer that seperates the epidermis from dermis is called the..
basement membrane
filtration occurs in the...
bowman's capsule
this action takes place when hydrogen and potassium ions are put into the filtrate from the peritubular capillaries
secretion
gas exchange in the air sacs occur when oxygen diffuses from the alveoli to the.,
blood in the pulmonary capillaries
premature babies can have a breathing problem calles
respiratory distress syndrome
the lung disease in which alveoli lose some of their elasticity is called
emphysema
this is a waste product that is transported by the blood and is produced by body tissues undergoing celllar respiration
carbon dioxide
the tissue mde up of matrix and cells is
connective
the type of tissue that has the function of protection, secretion, and absorption is
epithelial
tissue found in the trachea is
ciliated psuedostratified epithelial
the type of tissue found in the urinary bladder is
transitional epithelial
the material which seperates the epithelial cells from deeper connective tissue is called
basement membrane
tissus in the nervous system are called
neurons
supporting cells called neuroglia, such as
schwann cells
transfer RNA pairs with messenger RNA in the process called
translation
the nucleus and cytoplasm of a cell divide during the process of
mitosis
sperm and eggs are made in the type of cell division called
meosis
when cells divide uncontollably
cancer
when cancer spreads
metastasis
the blood cells that are in greatest abundance
erythrocytes
the most numerous type of WBC's
neutrophil
this blood test gives the % of RBC"s in a blood sample called a
hematocrit
the liquid part of blood is
plasma
the substance in RBC's that carry oxygen
hemoglobin
blood dosnt clot properly
hemophilia
universal donor
O
universal recipient
AB
the vessel that has only one layer of epithelial tissue called endothelium which is used for diffusion is
capillaries
only vessel that contains valves
veins
vessel has the smaller lumen and thiscker tunica media
artery
the pace maker of the heart is the
SA node
the structures of the heart that prevents backflow
valves
the vessels affected by a heart attack
coronary arteries
the vessel that carries oxygenated blood from the left ventricle to the body's tissues is the
aorta
chamber that recieves deoxygenated blood
right atrium
chamber that sends deoxygenated blood to the lungs
right ventricle
what measures electrical conduction during a cardiac cycle in the heart
EKG
composed of nerves in the somatic and autonomic nervous system
PNS
involuntary nervous system
autonomic
voluntary nervous system
somatic
how many pairs of spinal nerves in PNS
31
how many cranial nerves in the PNS
12
tissue that connects the two cerebral hemispheres of the brain
corpus collosum
area of the cerebrum that controls skeletal muscle movement is
primary motor area
gray matter that makes up the primary motor and sensory areas on the surface of the cerebrum is called the
cortex
the part of brain that is responsible for coordinating muscular actions
cerebellum
the pons, medulla oblongata, and midbrain are all found in which part of the brain
brainstem
the capillaries in the brain that are selective in allowing only a few substances betweeen the blood and the rain is called the
blood brain barrier
average volume of blood in male
5 liters
average volume of blood in female
4 liters