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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Anatomy
The study of structure
physiology
study of function
Appendicular Skeleton
Bones of the upper and lower extremities of the body
Axial Skeleton
The bones of the head, neck and torso
Articulation
Joint
Bursae
Small, cusion like sacs found between moving body parts, making them move easier
Cancellous Bone
Bone containing trabeculae, also know as spongy bone
Compact Bone
Dense bone; contains Haversian Systems
Cell
Basic biological and structural unit of the body consisting of a nucleus surrounded by cytoplasm, and enclosed in a membrane
Cranial Nerve
Any of 12 pairs of nerves that attach to the undersurface of the brain and conduct impulses between thet brain and structures in the head, neck, and thorax
Dermis
The deeper of teh 2 major layers of skin, composed of dense fibrous connective tissue interspersed with glands, nerve endings, and blood vessels
Epidermis
outermost layer of the skin
enzyme
biochemical catalyst allowing chemical reactions to take place; functional proteins that regulate various metabolic pathways of the body
Homeostasis
relative constancy of the normal bodys internal environment
insertion
attachment of the muscle to bone that it moves when contraction occurs
Origin
attachment of a muscle to bone, which does not move when contraction occurs
integumentary system
skin and it's related structures
Skeletal system
bones, cartilage,and ligaments that provide the body wit ha rigid framework for support and protection
muscular system
large mass of skeletal muscle that moves the body
nervous system
brain, spinal cord, and nerves
Ligament
band of white fibrous connective tissue connecting bones to other bones
tendon
bands or cords of fibrous connective tissue that attach a muscle to a bone or other structure
matrix
intracellular substance of a tissue
melanin
brown pigment primarily in skin and hair
membrane
thin, sheetlike structure
meninges
fluid-containting membranes surrounded the brain and spinal cord
metabolism
complex, intertwining set of chemical pricesses by which lifei s made possible for a living organism
neuroglia
non-excitable supporting cells of nervous tissue
neuron
nerve cell, including its processes
neurotransmitter
chemicals by which neurons communicate
Organelle
cell organ
ossification
the process of bone formation
reflex
automatic involuntary reaction to a stimulus resulting from a nerve impulse passing over a reflex arc
spinal nerve
nerve that connects the spinal cord to peripheral structures such as the skin and skeletal muscles
synapse
membrane to membrane junction between a neuron and another neuron, effector cell, or sensory cell