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60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
hypothalamus
antiduretic hormone and oxyction
Pitituary gland
9 hormones controlled by hypothalums. Posterior lobe 2 hormones anterior 9 hormones
thyroid gland
secretes thyroxine and regualtes rate of metabolism
Parathyroid gland
secretes parathyroid hormone
Sympatheric
Fight or Flight
Parasympathetic
rest and repose
Parasympatic
Summary
Craniosacral, ganglia at target, and ACh andAch
Sympthetic
Summary
Thoracolumbar, paravertebral ganglia, ACh then NE
Olfactory receptors and what do they posess
single neurons imbedded in lining of nasal cavitites. Posess olfactory hairs where specific molecules subside
Layers of the eye
Fibrous tunic, Vascular tunic, and neural tunic
What are the three regions of the vascular tunic?
Choroid, ciliary body, iris
Explain choroid
Largest and most posterior. supplies retina with nutrients
Ciliary body
located in the anterior portion. Muscles for focusing far and long distance
What are the boundaries for the external ear?
external auditory meatus to tympanic membrane
Middle ear is comprised of what?
3 auditory ossicles and auditory tube
What is the fluid that the inner ear is filled with
endolymph
What are otoliths?
float across hair cells when head is in motion.
In the Cochlea, what does the Organ of Corti consist of?
Hair cells and tecotial membrane which stimulates hair cells
What are the functions of the nervous system? List 3
Communication and control between various organs of the body to detect changes in the environment and to maintain homeostasits
dendrites
numerous and short, conveys electrical impulse to rest of neuron
What are the three regions of the vascular tunic?
Choroid, ciliary body, iris
Explain choroid
Largest and most posterior. supplies retina with nutrients
Ciliary body
located in the anterior portion. Muscles for focusing far and long distance
What are the boundaries for the external ear?
external auditory meatus to tympanic membrane
Middle ear is comprised of what?
3 auditory ossicles and auditory tube
What is the fluid that the inner ear is filled with
endolymph
What are otoliths?
float across hair cells when head is in motion.
In the Cochlea, what does the Organ of Corti consist of?
Hair cells and tecotial membrane which stimulates hair cells
What are the functions of the nervous system? List 3
Communication and control between various organs of the body to detect changes in the environment and to maintain homeostasits
dendrites
numerous and short, conveys electrical impulse to rest of neuron
Microglia
small, remove cell debris, wastes and pathogens
Oligondrocytes
Also produce myelin. myelinate CNS axons
What type of cell is in PNS?
Schwann cell
In the frontal lobe what is the most posterior gyrus? And what is the gyrus known as?
precentral gyrus. Gyrus is known as primary motor cortex
On the parietal lobe what is the most anterior gyrus? And what is gyrus known as?
Postcentral gyrus. Known as primary somatosensory cortex. Wernickes area
What are the functions of the hypothalamus
CEO of endocrine system, regulates body temp, controls emotional behavior, regulates sleep
What are the ventricles of the brain?
2nd lateral ventricle,3,4,Mescephanlic
IV
Trochlear Superior oblique eye muscle
VI
abducens Lateral rectus eye muscle
IX
glosspharngeal posterior 1/3 tongue
XI
Accesory Trap etc.
XII
hypoglassal. Intristic/extrisnic muscles
IX
swallowing muscles, salivery gland, posterior tongue
Posterior root of spinal nerve
sensory axons entering
Anterior root
motor axonos leaving
Name the four plexuses
Cervical Brachial Lumbar Sacral
Cervical Plexus function
Innervates the diaphragm
How many brachial plexus generate from this plexus
5 Axillary Radial Musculocutaneous Median ulnar
Lumbar plexus function
sensory and motor innervation to lower extremies
How many nerves generate from lumbar?
2:Femoral and obturator
What is the function of sacral plexus
sensory/motor to lower extremities
How many nerves are generated from sacral?
3:Sciatic Tibial Common fibular
Explain the epidermis
Avascular 4 layers
Stratum Basale
deepest in contact with dermis.cell division melanocytes
Stratum Spinosum
Several layers Keratin
Stratum Granulosu
Multilayer cells dead
stratum corneum
flattened, dead cells
What are the 2 regions of the adrenal gland
outer cortex inner medulla
What is the adrenal gland functions?
secretes steroids Medulla secretes adrenaline
What does the pancreas contain?
islets of langhons-glucagen, insulin