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64 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Medical term for the thoracic cage
costa/costae
What are ribs attached to in the front and back?
Back - thoracic portion of the spine
Front - sternum
How many pairs of ribs do we have and what are the different kinds called?
12; 7 true, 3 false, 2 floating
Where do true ribs attach?
The sternum
Where do false ribs attach?
To the cartilage of the rib above it
What are floating ribs attached to?
Nothing in front, only to the vertebral column in back. They are embedded in muscles.
What are the three parts of the sternum?
Manubrium, gladiolus, xiphoid process
What is the joint between the sternum and the clavicle called?
The sternoclavicular joint
What is another name for the shoulder girdle?
The pectoral arch
What is the shoulder girdle made up of?
the scapula and the clavicle
What is projection over the scapula sometimes called?
The spine of the scapula
What process forms the tip of the shoulder?
acromion process
What is a muscle attachment site at the tip of the shoulder?
coracoid process
What is the medical term for the shoulder socket?
glenoid fossa
What is the joint called at the distal ends of the acromion process and the clavicle?
acromioclavicular joint
What is the muscle that turns the head?
sternocleidomastoid
What is the rounded protuberance on the distal end of the humorous called?
capitulum
What is another protruberance on the humorous called?
trochlea
What does the radius articulate; distally and proximally?
Proximally, the capitulum. Distally, the thumb.
What does the radius align with?
The thumb
What does the ulna articulate with, proximally?
The elbow
What is the medical term for elbow?
olecranon
What is the bump on one's outer wrist called?
The styloid process
What is a nickname for the deltoid muscles?
shoulder pads
What muscles are in the upper arm?
Biceps, brachilradialis, triceps
How many tendons are there at the top of the bicep and tricep muscles?
2 and 3, respectively.
What is the upper arm bone called?
The humerus
What are the two protrusions on its upper end?
The greater tubercle and the lesser tubercle
what groove lies between the greater and lesser tubercles?
intertubercular groove
What is the rouphened protrusion near the center of the humerus called?
the deltoid tuberosity
What is the muscle that turns the head?
sternocleidomastoid
What is the rounded protuberance on the distal end of the humorous called?
capitulum
What is another protruberance on the humorous called?
trochlea
What does the radius articulate; distally and proximally?
Proximally, the capitulum. Distally, the thumb.
What does the radius align with?
The thumb
What does the ulna articulate with, proximally?
The elbow
What is the medical term for elbow?
olecranon
What is the bump on one's outer wrist called?
The styloid process
What is a nickname for the deltoid muscles?
shoulder pads
What muscles are in the upper arm?
Biceps, brachilradialis, triceps
How many tendons are there at the top of the bicep and tricep muscles?
2 and 3, respectively.
What is the upper arm bone called?
The humerus
What are the two protrusions on its upper end?
The greater tubercle and the lesser tubercle
what groove lies between the greater and lesser tubercles?
intertubercular groove
What is the rouphened protrusion near the center of the humerus called?
the deltoid tuberosity
What is the depression between the epicondyles of the humerus that receives the coronoid process of the ulna?
The coronoid fossa
what depression receives the olecranon process?
The olecranon fossa
What is the medical term for wrist?
Carpus. adj.; carpal
How are the 8 wrist bones arranged?
two rows, one on top of the other.
What is the passage way under the first row of wrist bones called?
the carpal tunnel
What are the bones called which are between the fingers and the wrist?
The metacarpus or the metacarpals.
What joint is beyond the carpus?
The metacarpal joint
Medical term for finger?
phalange
How many phalanges does each finger have?
three; the thumb has two
How many of each finger bone are there?
8 carpals, 5 metacarpals, 14 phalanges
Singular form of phalange?
phalanx
Medical term for finger?
Digit
Medical term for between two fingers?
Interdigital
The joint between two phalanges?
Interphalangeal
Where the big knuckles meet the proximal phalanx
Metocarpophalangeal joint
What is the muscle under the thumb called?
thenar eminence
What is the muscle on the outside of the hand, aligned with the pinky?
hypothenar eminence
Ligate means
to tie
Suture means
to sew