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172 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
innerv of rhomboid
dorsal scap (off lateral)
innerv of infrascap
supra scap (off lateral)
innerv of lats
thoracodorsal off posterior
innerv of teres major
subscap off posterior
innerv of deltoid (off of)
axillary off posterior
muscle innerv by long thoracic
serratus anterior
innerv of bicep
innerv of teres minor
axillary off posterior
branches off lateral branch of brachial plexus
dorsal scap, suprascap, long thoracic, lat pec, musculo
branches off medial branch of brachial plexus
med pec, ulna
branches off posterior
thoracodorsal, subscap, axillary, radial
cord levels in long thoracic
C3,4,5 (3,4,5 keep diaphragm alive)
axillary innerv
deltoid, teres minor
climbing muscles
pec major, lat dorsi, teres major (all inset into bicipital groove) (lady bw 2 majors)
rotator cuff muscles
supra, infra, teres minor, subscap (SITS)
course of radial n
wrap around, under lat tricep lying on bone, (radial n and deep brachial a run together), at antecubital fossa medial to bicep tendon, deep branch innerv motor, supf innerv cutaneous
antecubital fossa: radial, TAN (bicep tendon, brachial a, median n)
radial n runs w
deep brachial a
path of musculo
thru corocho, becomes cut n.
what 2 mscls att at corocoid
pec minor, short head of bicep
name branches off of axillary/brachial a
"transv sport long skirts to cover hairy penises"
transcervical, suprascapular, lateral thoracic, subscap with branches thoracodorsal and circum scap, P humeral circum, profunda brachi
describe upper arm dermatomes
c4 cap of shoulder, C5 upper arm, C6 lower arm, C7 middle finger, C8 to wrist, T1 lower inner arm, T2 upper arm
describe veins of upper limb
cephalic runs on the bicep, medial cubital where they take blood, then up above bascilic
long head bicep, teres major, teres minor/subscap with circum scapular running through
humerus, teres major, teres minor/subscap, long head bicep, with P humeral circum and axillary nerve running through
what supplies the deep palmar arch
radial a
if radial artery injured, how is hand perfused?
via ulnar a, part goes to deep and supf to supf palmar arch, these communicate via princeps pollicis
role of median n (5)
movement thumb (FPB, AbPB, OP)
2 radial lumbricals
ventral 3.5 digits and claws
flexors (exc FCU, 1/2FDP are ulnar)
role radial n
brachioradialis (flexor)

also: dorsal 3.5 hand
role ulnar n
1/2 FDP, FCU
all interossei
ulnar 2 lumbricals
fxn of lumbricals and interossei in flex/ext fingers
flex MP ext both IP joints
(waving goodbye)
FDS and FDP attachment on fingers
FDS forks att side of middle phal, FDP reaches distal
FDS, FDP in flexing fingers
FDS flexes PIP only, FDP flexes PIP and DIP
contraction interossei causes
dorsal Abduct (DAB)
palmar Adduct (PAD)
name extrinsic thumb mscls and innerv
FPL (median)
AbPL (radial)
EPL/B (radial)
name intrinsic thumb mscls and innerv
FPB, AbPB, OP (all median)
AddP (ulnar)
wrist drop
ulnar deviation
thenar atrophy
bones of hand
"some lawyers try propositions that they can't handle"
scaffoid, lunate, triquietrium, pisiform, trapzoid, trapezium, capitate, hamate
what articulates with radius at elbow
what articulates with trochlear
FCU sesamoid "bone"
name flxors of lower arm
wrist: FCR, FCU, PL
finger: FDP, FDS
thumb: FPL, FPB
name extensors of lower arm
wrist: ECU, ECRB, ECRL
finger: EDC, EDM, EIP
thumb: EPL, EPB, AbdPL
lumbricals branch off of?
contents carpal tunnel
median nerve, FDP, FDS, FPL
anatomic snuffbox
EPL, EPB, AbdPL with scaffoid lying at bottom (most freq fxd)
dupuytren contracture, correlation?
cxn palmar aponeurosis causing flexion, esp 4,5 finger. hi correlation with CAD
name gluteal grp mscls
piriformis, pectineus, obturator, glut max, min, med, and quad femoris
name flexors of hip
rectus femoris, iliopsoas, sartorius
what att at pes anserina
gracilus, sartorius, semitend
abd upper leg
glut med, min, and tensor fascialata
n of pectineus
femoral and A obturator
n glut max
i gluteal
n glut min
s gluteal
n glut med
s gluteal
n obturator intern
n of OI
n pirifomis
n to piriformis
n quad femoris
n to qf
n rectus femoris
n iliopsoas
femoral and lumbar plexus
n sartorius
n bicep femoris
n semitend
n semimem
what n necessary to abd upper leg
s gluteal (innerv glut med, min, and tensor fascialata)
name add upper leg
gracilus, add breves, add magnus, add longus
name innerv Add magnus
P obturator and sciatic
innerv gracilis
A. obturator
n Add longus
A. obturator
if sciatic n injured, what unable to do
ext hip and flex knee
name flexors lower leg
supfcl: gastroc, soleus, plantaris
deep: FDL, FHL, TP
nerve and artery for flexors lower leg
tibial n, P tibial a
name extensors of lower leg
tibialis ant, EHL, EDL
n and artery for extensors lower leg
deep peroneal n, ant tibial a
name evertors lower leg
Peroneus L, PB, fib tertius
n and artery of evertors lower leg
supfcl peroneal n, peroneal a
describe branching sciatic n
at add hiatus it becomes the common peroneal, this branches into tibia (flex), s peroneal (evert) and d peroneal (ext)
name borders femoral triangle
inguinal lig, sartorius, add L (with ASIS and pubic tuber at points)
describe branching of femoral a and v
at add hiatus becomes popliteal, branches into A tibial (ext), P tibial (flex), and peroneus (evert)
name deep flexors of lower leg
popliteus, tibialis posterior, FDL, FHL
name nerve and artery of deep flexors of LL
tibial n and P tibial a (also for more supfcl flexors)
name role vagus n
1) motor larynx
2) parasympt to lungs, eso, and heart
rectal blood supply
IMA-s rectal-IMV-splenic-portal
int iliac-m rectal
pudendal-i rectal
both i and m rectal to iliac v-IVC
sections of colon
cecum, ascending, transverse, descending, sigmoid, rectum
how tell diff bw jejunum and ileum
jejunum has valves kerckring (plicae circularis), thicker wall, more folds, less arcades. ileum has thinner walls, more arcades, and vasa recta
name 4 parts duo
1=duo cap L1
2=ampulla of vater/access=Stenson L3
3=crossed by SMA
4=lig of trietz attaches R cruz diaphragm L2
branches of celiac
1. L gastric
2. splenic -> (short gastric, L gastriepiploica)
3. C hepatic -> (P hepatic, R gastric, gastroduo)
RULE 1-2-3
branches gastroduo
R gastricepiploica, S pancreatoduo
where i pancreatoduo come off
branches of SMA
m colic, r colic, ileocecal, jej and ileal with arcades
SMA compression by?
SMA goes over duo, behind aorta, also presses on renal v
how find femoral artery
on top of iliopsoas
name branches of abd aorta
celiac, SMA, renal a, testic/ovarian a, IMA, common iliac, internal iliac, external iliac
branches of ext iliac
l circumflex femoral, profunda femoral, spfcl femoral
which thenar mscls superficial
FPB, AbPB (OP is under AbPB, AddP is under FPB)
dermatome of palmar pinkie finger is?
dermatome of hand radial provides?
dorsal: thumb, 2, 3, and 1/2 of ring
spfcl ring formed by
ext oblique
deep ring formed by
floor of inguinal canal
what is inguinal lig
where ext oblique loops back
arcuate lig made from,
internal oblique which becomes cremaster
elements of hesselbach triangle
lateral edge of rectus abdomin, inguinal lig, i epigastric
alcock's canal-where does it run? what does it contain?
contains pudendal a,v,n, and runs thru lesser sciatic foramen w tendon of i obturator
indirect hernia
thru canal (lateral to i epigastric and fem vessels)
direct hernia
thru hesselbach (medial to i epigastric and femoral)
pudendal a comes off
internal iliac (and goes thru alcock's canal)
layers of abd
campers, scarpa, (ext oblique, int oblique, trans abd) all in rectus abd with an anterior and posterior rectus sheath
what sig about arcuate line of douglas
no more posterior rectus sheath
layers of testes
dartos, colles, ext sperm, cremaster, int sperm
layers of scrotum
dartos, colles, buck, albuginea
contents sperm cord
testic a, genital n of genitofemoral n, pampniform veins, vas deferens
ext oblique becomes
ext sperm
transvers fascia becomes
i sperm
path of sperm
epidid, vas deferens/ductus deferens, ampulla, seminal vesicle, ejac duct, prostatic urethra, prostate
what runs with P interventric artery
middle v
what runs with RCA
lesser v
what runs with LAD
great v (goes to coro sinus)
aortic vestibule is where
how does coronary blood return to circulation
mostly coronary sinus, but 40% drains back via venae chordae minimae
Bachman's bundle
connects SA node and AV node
cristae terminale
in RA, on outside sulcus terminales
supraventricular crest
in RV
conus arteriosus aka? location?
pulmon infundibulum, in RV
trabeculae carnae
in RV
location SA node
SVC and fossa ovale
location AV node
interventricular wall near coro sinus
source of intercostals
A intercostal from i mammary, P from aorta
course of intercostal, venous drainage
at midclav line anastomose and split, 1 above rib, 1 below,
A intercostal drain into i thoracic, P into azygous
thoracic splanchnic
T5-11, syn on celiac ganglion
rami comunicantes
intercostal/spinal n communicate w symp trunk via rami comunicantes
stellate ganglion
thoracic ganglion fuses with cervical ganglion
(lowest of 3 ganglia for cervical symp trunk-cover to UE--ie hand sx)
thoracic duct crosses at what level
azygous/hemiazygous cross over
T5-T8, loop over root of lung
looking at root of lung, where do find veins v artery v bronchus
A and I=veins

per First Aid relation pulmon A to bronchus
RALS=R anterior L superior
pass thru the diaphragm at what levels
12 aorta, thoracic duct, azygous v
10 eso, vagus
level of carina (also rib#)
sternal angle, rib 2, T4
anterior to posterior structures leading to the kidney
vein, artery, renal pelvis
parts of Kidney
pyramids w medullary rays, column of Bertini in betwee. papilla sticks into calyx. gerota's fascia=fat surrounding kidney
parts of cystic triangle of calot
liver, c hepatic duct, cystic duct
contains cystic artery
names of ducts
Wirsung/Santorini=pancreas (main/acces)
sphincter of Odi=cystic (entering duo)=ampulla of vater
which lobe quadate in
L lobe liver (although towards right)
lumbar splanchnics
SNS, come from lumbar symp ganglion
s hypogastric n
SNS, found at bifurcation of aorta
name somatic nerve plexus of pelvis
sacral plexus (named nerves S1-5 incl sciatic, pudendal, s gluteal)
pelvic splanchnic, which levels, what supply, part of?
PNS, pregang, come off of S2-S4, supply prostate and bladder, part os i hypogastric pelvic plexus SNS/PNS
sacral splanchnic
off symp ganglion, SNS, part of i hypogastric pelvic plexus
T/F splanchnic are symp
T, all except the pelvic
white rami, pre or post gang
(bc white gets dirty, postgang are grey)
gray rami, pre or post gang
branches off of pudendal n
dorsal n penis (skin and erectile)
perineal (scrotum)
i rectal (anus up to pectinate, ext sphincter, symp via T10, para via sacral)
characteristics internal hemorrhoids, cxns
above pectinate, not painful, adenocarcinoma
blood and nerve supply above pectinate
S rectal a (off IMA), visceral innerv so not painful, venous drainage S rectal v to IMV to portal
characteristics external hemorrhoids
below pectinate, painful, SCC
blood supply below pectinate
I rectal a (off of internal pudendal), venous drainage via i rectal v to i pudendal to i iliac to IVC
gross anatomy rectum
3 rectal valves of Houston
-circular mscl thickens to be i anal sphincter,
-ext sphincter has deep, subQ, and supfcl
-longitudinal cont with levator ani
-anal columns of Mortgagni
-anal valves and sinuses
general comparison histol and drainage above v below pectinate
above strat squa with somatic innerv and portal drainage, below columnar with auto innerv and systemic drainage
course of ureter
under uterine artery and under ductus deferens (retroperitoneal)
injury to c. peroneal causes
foot drop
injury to tibial n
loss plantar flexion (can't point foot, stand on toes)
injury femoral n, lose what DTR
loss knee jerk
injury obdurator
loss hip abd
common knee injury side tackle
MCL, medial meniscus, ACL
thoracic outlet syndrome
-loss radial pulse when turn head
- sensory deficit medial forearm and hand
-atrophy thenar, hypothenar, interosseous
drainage left ovary/testis
to left renal vein, then IVC (on R goes directly to IVC)
transverse cervical (cardinal) lig
contains uterine vessels
round lig of uterus
contains no impt structures
broad ligament
contains round lig of uterus and ovaries, uterine tubules and vessels
drainage L adrenal
via L renal then IVC