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60 Cards in this Set

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Sensory receptor that is located at or near surface of body; provides information about external environment; transmits sensations of hearing, sight, taste, touch, pressure, temperature, and pain.
Sensory Receptor that is located in blood vessels and viscera; provides information about internal environment; transmits sensations such as pain, pressure, fatigue, hunger, thirst, and nausea from within the body
Sensory Receptor that is located in muscles, tendons, joints, and the internal ear; provide information about body position and movement; transmit information related to muscle tension, position and tension of joints, and equilibrium
Sensory receptor that detects pressure or stretching; stimuli are related to touch, pressure, proprioception, hearing, equilibrium, and blood pressure
Sensory receptors that detect pain, usually as a result of physical or chemical damage to tissue.
Sensory receptors that detect taste in mouth; smell in nose; and chemicals such as oxygen, carbon dioxide, water and glucose in body fluids
Type of sensory receptors that consist of simple structures and neural pathways that are associated with general senses (touch, pressure, heat, cold, and pain)
Sensory input for the ANS comes from:
Autonomic motor pathways consist of how many motor neurons in a series?
The axon of the first motor neuron extends from the _____ and synapses in a _______ with the second motor neuron; the second motor neuron synapses with an _______.
CNS; Ganglion; Effector
The output (motor) portion of the ANS has two divisions; What are they?
Sympathetic; Parasympathetic
Most body organs receive dual innervation; one ANS division causes _______ and the other causes ________.
Excitation, inhibition
The ANS effectors include ______ ______, ________ ________, and ______.
cardiac muscle, smooth muscle, and glands.
2 muscles and a g
Myelinated or Unmyelinated that is the question!

PREganglionic neurons?

POSTganglionic neurons?
The cell bodies of sympathetic preganglionic neurons are in the ______ ______ ______ of the 12 thoracic and the first two or three lumbar segments of the spinal cord.
lateral gray horns
Organs such as the heart or stomach that receive impulses from both divisions of the ANS are said to have _____ innervation.
The input component of the ANS consists of ______ neurons.
General visceral sensory neurons
The output component of the ANS consists of _______ neurons.
General visceral motor neurons
Adrenergic neurons release neurotransmitters ______ and ______.
Epinephrine and norepinephrine
The two types of adrenergic receptors are ______and _____ receptors.
Alpha and Beta
The two types of cholinergic receptors are ________ and _______.
Nicotinic and Muscarinic
Th pterygopalatine, otic, and submandibular ganglia are part of the ___________ division of the ANS.
T or F?
A major difference between autonomic ganglia and posterior root ganglia is that only autonomic ganglia contain synapses.
T or F?
The ganglia that make up the sympathetic trunks are also called prevertebral or collateral ganglia
T or F?
Parasympathetic preganglionic neurons originate in the nuclei of the oculomotor (III), facial (VII), glossopharyngeal (IX), or Vagus (X) nerves, or in lateral gray horns of the sacral region of the spinal cord.
T or F?
An event occurring during the fight-or-flight response is increased urine production due to blood being shunted to the kidneys
T or F?
In an autonomic reflex arc, the preganglionic neuron conducts motor impulses from the central nervous system to an autonomic ganglion, and a postganglionic neuron conducts motor impulses from the ganglion to an effector
A plexus located mostly posterior to each lung are ______
Pulmonary plexus
The largest autonomic plexus; consist of 2 large ganglia and a network of fibers that surround the celiac and superior mesenteric arteries
Celiac (solar) plexus
Plexus located anterior to the fifth lumbar vertebra; supplies pelvic viscera
Hypogastric plexus
Plexus containing the inferior mesenteric ganglion; supplies the large intestine.
inferior mesenteric plexus
Plexus at the base of the heart; surrounds the large blood vessels emerging from the heart.
Cardiac Plexus
Plexus containing the superior mesenteric ganglion; supplies the small and large intestine.
Superior mesenteric plexus
The thoracolumbar applies to the ______
Sympathetic division of the ANS
short preganlionic fibers and long postganglionic fibers applies to the ______
Sympathetic division of the ANS
sends some preganglionic fibers through cranial nerves
Applies to the parasympathetic division of the ANS
Has some preganglionic fiber synapsing in sympathetic trunk ganglia
Has more widespread and longer lasting effect in the body
Has some fibers running in gray rami to supply sweat glands, hair follicle muscles and blood vessels
has fibers in white rami (connecting spinal nerve with sympathetic trunk ganglia)
contains fibers that supply viscera with motor impulses
Both Sympathetic and Parasympathetic
celiac and superior mesenteric ganglia are sites of postganglionic neuron cell bodies
Favors body functions that can support vigorous physical activity and rapid production of ATP (Fight or Flight response)
Regulates activities that conserve and restore body energy
The effects of the ________ stimulation are longer lasting and more widespread than the effects of parasympathetic stimulation
Adrenergic fibers are ________ _________ ________.
Postganglionic sympathetic neurons
Cholinergic fibers are ________ __________ _______.
Postganglionic parasympathetic neurons
Sympathetic trunk ganglia are also known as
Paravertebral ganglia
Prevertebral ganglia include;
Celiac ganglion, Superior mesenteric ganglia, Inferior mesenteric ganglion.
Name the organ and gland that are only innervated by sympathetic postganglia
Kidney and Adrenal gland
The ganglion that serve the parasympathetic division are called
Terminal ganglia
Name the Terminal ganglia that serve the parasympathetic division
Ciliary ganglion, pterygopalatine ganglion, submandibular ganglion, otic ganglion
Which cranial nerve serves the Ciliary ganglion
III oculomotor
Which cranial nerve serves the pterygopalatine ganglion
VII Facial
Which cranial nerve serves the Submandibular ganglion
VII Facial
which cranial nerve serves the otic ganglion
Which cranial nerve does not pass through a terminal ganglion and synapses with the most effectors
X vagus
which is the largest ganglion
Craniosacral refers to
White rami communicantes contain _________ preganglionic fibers and gray rami communicantes contain ________ postganglionic fibers
myelinated, unmyelinated