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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
gross anatomy
the study of large (gross) structures that can be seen with the naked eye
microscopic study of cells and tissues
groups of cells that are similar in structure and that function together
epithelial tissue
forms the linings and coverings of free surfaces of the body
connective tissue
supportive and binding tissue found throughout the body (bones, tendons, cartilage)
muscle tissue
contractile tissue for movement
nerve tissue
communication cells capable of sending impulses
groups of tissues that work together to perform a common function
a group of organs working together to perform a common function
study of the structure of the nervous system
study of the developing organism from the time of fertilization to birth
germ cell layers
the three layers of embryonic tissue from which all body tissue are derived
innermost germ cell layer - it will form most of the linings of tubular structures of the body
outer germ cell layer (skin, nervous system)
germ cell layer between the endoderm and ectoderm (muscles, connective tissue)
compact layers of connective tissue that form a fibrous membrane - it invests the whole body, supporting and separating muscles and organs
the protein that makes up the fibers in connective tissue structures
thickened connective tissue (collagen fibers), which serves to hold bones together
thickened, dense connective tissue that holds muscle to bone
a broad, flat tendon
regional study
all the structures in an area are studied together
systematic (systemic) study
studying a complete system independent of the region
anatomic position
the body is standing erect, face toward observer, with feet together and parallel, the arms at the sides and palms directed forward
anterior (ventral)
refers to the front surface of the body
posterior (dorsal)
refers to the back surface of the body
superior (cranial)
nearer to the head end
inferior (caudal)
farther from the head end
superficial (external)
nearer to the surface
deep (internal)
farther from the surface
nearing to the mid-plane of the body
farther from the mid-plane of the body
nearest to the point of origin (or closer to the attachment, closer to the organ)
farthest from the point of origin
Median (midsagittal) plane
a vertical plane that divides the body into right and left halves
sagittal plane
a vertical plane parallel to the median plane
coronal (frontal) plane
a vertical plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior portions
transverse plane
horizontal plane that cuts the body into superior and inferior portions