• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/25

Click to flip

25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1-2 Define: somite
one of the paired segments along the neural tube of a vertebrate embryo, formed by transverse subdivision of the thickened mesoderm next to the midplane; they develop into the spinal column and muscles of the body.
2-2 Define: neurocentrum (neurocentral joint)
either of the two dorsal elements of a vertebra that unite to form a neural arch from which the vertebral spine is developed
3-2 Regarding the dermamyotome, which one of the following is true? (1 mark)
a. The epaxial muscles develop from the dermatome
b. The abdominal wall muscles develop from the hypomere
c. The dermamyotome develops from ectoderm
d. The dermamyotome becomes the vertebral bodies
B
4. Each sclerotome becomes a vertebra AND the disc (1 mark)
True or False
True
5-2 Regarding the superior annular epiphysis, which one of the following is true? (1 mark)
1. The superior surface of the intervertebral discs articulates here
2. The inferior surface of the intervertebral disc articulates here
3. The superior facet joint articulates here
4. The inferior facet joint articulates here
2.
6-2. The annular fibrosis is a remnant of the notochord (1 mark)
a. True or False
True
1- 3. Regarding the superior facet of C2 vertebra, which one of the following is true?
1. It lies in a posterio-lateral orientation
2. It’s orientation allows for rotation of the head
3. It articulates with the inferior surface of C3
4. It is called the medial atlanto-axial joint
1. It lies in a posterio-lateral orientation
2-3. Regarding the C6 vertebra, which one of the following is NOT true?
1. The anterior tubercle of the transverse process is large and is known as the carotid tubercle
2. The spinous process is large and is known as the cervical prominence vertebra
3. The transverse process has a foramen for the jugular vein
4. The superior facet orientation is in a transverse plane
2. The spinous process is large and is known as the cervical prominence vertebra
3-3. Regarding the 2nd rib, which one of the following is true?
1. The scalenus posterior has an attachment here
2. The scalenus anterior has an attachment here
3. The head articulates with only T2 vertebrae
4. The costocartilage articulates at the notchof the manubrium
1. The scalenus posterior has an attachment here
4. The body of the sternum contains 4 segments. TRUE OR FALSE
TRUE
5-3. The 12th rib articulates with the transverse process of T12 TRUE OR FALSE
FALSE
6-3. The head of the 1st rib articulates with the transverse process of C1 TRUE OR FALSE
FALSE
7-3. Define the term median sacral crest (2 pts)
median ridge formed by the union of rudiments of the spinous processes of the sacral vertebra.
8-3. State the facets found on the manubrium: (2 pts)
clavicular notch
costal notch (1st)
superior portion of costal notch (2nd)
jugular notch
sternal angle?
1. Which of the following is a synovial joint? (may be more than one )(1 pt)
a. Intervertebral disc between C2-3
b. Median atlanto axial joint
c. S5 to Co1
d. Demifacet of T1 to rib 1
b. Median atlanto axial joint
2-4. Which of the following describes the ligamentum flava? (1 pt)
a. it extends from the lamina below to the lamina above
b. it becomes the nuchal ligament
c. it lays lateral to the intervertebral foramen
d. it becomes the tectorial membrane
it extends from the lamina below to the lamina above
3.-4. Describe or define the cruciform ligament (of the atlas and axis)(3 pts)
comprised of the transverse ligament of the atlas and the longitudinal bands. Extend from the dens to the tectoral membrane.
4-5. Describe or define the intervertebral disc (3 pts)
the layer of fibrocartilage between the bodies of adjoining vertebrae.
5-6. True or False: a example of a synarthroses joint is the spinous process to the lamina. (1 pt)
False
6. True or False: the posterior longitudinal ligament becomes the posterior atlanto-occipital ligament. (1 pt)
False
1-5. Which of the following is an epaxial muscle of the spine? (may be more than one ) (1 pt)
a. Iliocostalis cervicis
b. Multifidus
c. Serratus posterior superior
d. Rectus capitus posterior minor
Iliocostalis cervicis
Multifidus
Rectus capitus posterior minor
2-5. Which of the following describes the suboccipital triangle? (may be more than one ) (1 pt)
a. it’s lateral border is the obliquis capitus superior
b. it’s medial border is the rectus capitis posterior major
c. the vertebral artery can be found within the triangle
d. it contains the posterior ramus us C1
it’s lateral border is the obliquis capitus superior
it’s medial border is the rectus capitis posterior major
the vertebral artery can be found within the triangle
3-5. Describe or define the thoraco- lumbar fascia (3 pts)
fascial sheath enclosing the erector spinale. Together with the vertebral column, its spinous process, and costal surfaces, it forms anosteofascial canal that encases the erector spinale. It consists of three layers that radiate to the following muscles: transverse abdominal, serratus posterior, lat dorsi and sometimes the internal oblique muscels of the abdomen.
4-5. Describe or define the transverso-spinalis muscles (3 pts)
collective term for the overlapping muscles (rotatores, multifidi and semispinalis) which extend from the TP of a vertebra to the SP of a higher vertebra, passing over vertebra inbetween. bilaterally extends and unilaterally rotates
5-5. True or False: The rotatores muscles extend from the transverse process of a vertebra to the spinous process of the vertebra 4 above (1 pt)
False. Extend to the next highest vertebra or two above.