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18 Cards in this Set

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Ipsilateral

Medial
on the same side

closer to the midline
Contralateral

Lateral
on the opposite side

farther from the midline
Ventral

Dorsal
towards the front of the body

back of the body
Proximal
Distal
towards the point of origin
away from the point of origin
Anterior
Posterior
towards the front of the body
towards the back of the body
Cranial

Extension
towards the head

movement that increases the angle between two body parts (straightening)
Rostral
towards the head on an embryo
Caudal
towards the feet on an embryo
Inferior

flexion
towards the feet

movement that decreases the angle between two body parts (bending)
Abduction
Adduction
moving away from the midline
moving towards the midline
Rotation
– movement of a body part around its longitudinal axis
medial (internal) rotation
lateral (external) rotation
Elevation
Depression
movement of a body part superiorly
movement of a body part inferiorly
Sagittal –


Coronal (frontal)
vertical plane that divides the body into right and left parts. e.g. midclavicular

– vertical plane that separates the body into anterior and posterior parts.
e.g. midaxillary
Transverse (axial)

Median
– horizontal plane that separates the body into superior and inferior parts.
e.g. transumbilical

(midsagittal) – vertical plane that divides the body into equal right and left halves
Supine
Prone
lying face up
lying face down
what is anatomical position?
standing erect with all these parts facing/directed anteriorly:
head, eyes, chest, palms, feet
upper limbs are at the side of the body, legs are together
what is dorsiflexion and plantarflexion?
dorsiflexion is flexing the foot up towards your kneecap, plantar flexion is pointing your toes.
what is extension and flexion in the wrist?
extension is pulling the fingers/palm up as so they are closer to the top of your forearm, flexion is moving the hand so that the finger/palm are closer to the underside of the forearm