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47 Cards in this Set

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Anatomical Position
The position in which the peson is standing erect with feet flat on the fllor, upper extermites hanging at the sides, and head, eyes, palms, and toes facing anteriorly.
Sagittal Plane
A vertical plane dividing the body or an organ into right and left sides.
Median Plane
Vertical plane dividing the body or an organ into equal right and left halves.
Coronal Plane
Vertical plane diving the body or an organ into anterior and posterior portions. Also called frontal plane.
Horizontal Plane
Plane dividing the body or an organ into superior and inferior portions; Sometimes called transverse plane.
Anterior
Nearer to the front of the body. Ventral.
Posterior
Nearer to the back of the body. Dorsal.
Superior
Toward the head or upper part of a structure.
Inferior
Away from the head or toward the lower part of a structure.
Proximal
Nearest to the trunk or point of origin.
Distal
Farthest from the trunk or point of orgin.
Medial
Nearer to the median plane or midline.
Lateral
Farther from the median plane or midline.
Intermediate
Between two structures, e.g. middle finger bones.
Ipsilateral
On the same side of the body.
Contralateral
On the opposite side of the body.
Palmar
Relating to the palm of the hand.
Plantar.
Relating to the sole of the foot.
Superficial
On or near the surface.
Deep
Farther from the surface.
Internal
Related to the inside; nearer to the center.
External
Related to the outside; farther from the center.
Parietal
Relating to the wall of a cavity.
Visceral
Relating to the organs.
Origin
Attachment of a muscle to the more fixed part of the skelelton.
Insertion
Attachment of a muscle to the more movable part of the skeleton.
Flexion
Decrease in the angle between articulating bones or parts of the body.
Extension
Increase in the angle between articulating bones or parts of the body.
Lateral Flexion
Movement of the trunk away from the median plane of the body.
Dorsiflexion
Upward bending of the foot or toes in the direction of the dorsal surface.
Plantar Flexion
Downward bending of the foot or toes in the direction of the plantar surface or sole.
Abduction
Movement away from the midline.
Adduction
Movement toward the midline.
Rotation
Movement of a part of the body around its longitudinal axis.
Medial Rotation
Rotation toward the midline.
Lateral Rotation
Rotation away from the midline.
Circumduction
Successive movements of flexion, abduction, extension, and adduction to create a circle.
Supination
Movement of the forearm in which the radius is rotated laterally so that the palm faces anterialy in anatomical position.
Pronation
Movement of the forearm in which the radius is rotated medially so that the palm faces posteriourly in anatomical position.
Inversion
Movement of the plantar surface, or sole, of the foot so that it faces toward the midline.
Eversion
Movement of the plantar surface, or sole, of the foot so that it faces away from the midline.
Opposition
Movement which brings the thumb pad toward a finger pad.
Reposition
Movment of the thumb back from opposition to its anatomical position.
Protraction
Anterior, or forward, movement of the mandible or scapula and shoulder.
Retraction
Posterior, or backward, movement of the mandible or scapula and shoulder from a protracted position.
Elevation
Movement of a body part superiorly.
Depression
Movement of a body part inferiorly.