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90 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
angle
area or point of junction of 2 intersecting borders or surfaces
adipose
of a fatty nature
anastomosis
connection between blood vessels or between parts of a tube
aperture
opening or orifice
apex
top of a structure or the pointed extremity of a conical part
aponeurosis
flat expanded tendon for the attachment of a flat muscle
articulation
site of a union or junction between two or more bones in the skeleton
atrophy
a wasitng away or diminution in the size of a cell, tissue organ or part
axilla
region of the armpit
belly
fleshy part of a muscle
bifurcate
forked; two pronged;having two branches
body
1. head, neck, trunk, and extremeities; 2. principal part of a structure
bolus
rounded food mass of soft consistency
border
bounding line, edge, surface
bursa
sac or saclinke cavity lined by sunpovial membrane and filled with a viscus fluid; situated at places in which friction would otherwise develop
caritlage
type of connective tissue
chyme
semifluid homogenous creamy material produced by the gastic digestion of food
collateral
accompanying, running by the side of, or accessory to the main structure
contralateral
situatied on or pertaining to the opposite side of the body
convoluted
rolled together or coiled
costal
pertaining to a rib or ribs
cricoid
ring shaped
cruciate/cruciform
shaped like a cross
crus
leg, from knee to foot; any leg-like structure
dactylus
finger or toe; a toe as distinguished from a finger
diaphysis
shaft of a long bone
digit
finger or toe; specifically a finger as distinguished from a dactylus toe
dissect
cut apart or separated; separate along natural lines by cutting or tearing connective framework, instead of making a wide incision
epiphysis
extremity or head of a long bone
extrinsic
originating outside of a particular structure or part of the body
fascia
sheet of fibrous tissue enveloping the body beneath the skin; a sheet of fibrous tissue which encloses individual muscles or groups of muscles
falciform
crescentic or sickle shaped
finger
one o f the digits of the hand
hilus
a depression in an organ where the vessels and nerves enter or leave
hyoid
shaped like the letter U
inguinal
pertaining to the groun; the region of the body between the pubis and iliac crest
insertion
the place of attachment of a muscle which is the most movable or the farthest from the midline
intercostal
situated between the ribs
intrinsic
situated within or pertaining exclusively to a particular part of the body; originating within a particular structure or part of the body
ligament
fibrous tissue that binds bones or cartilages together; fibrous tissue that is related to soft tissues but is cord like in appearance
lumen
the cavity or channel within a tube or tubular organ
mediastinum
median septum or partition; the most common use of the term refers to the middle region of the thoraz which contains the heart, great vessels, esophagus, trachea, phrenic nerves and vagus nerves
mesentery
general term for a double layer of peritoneum; specifically the peritoneum that attaches the small intestin to the posterior abdominal wall
navicular
boat shaped
odontoid
like a tooth
omentum
fold of peritoneum connecting the abdomenal visera with the stomach
origin
attachment of a muscle that is least movable or closet to the midline; 2. the sit of emergence of a peripheral nerve from the central nervous system
parietal
pertaining to the coverings of the walls of the body cavity
peristalsis
worm like movements by which the alimentary canal or other tubular organs which are porovided with both longitudinal and cirucular muscle fibers, propel their contents; it consists of a wave of contraction passing along the tube
peritoneum
seous membrane that lines the abdominal cavity, forms mesenteries, and covers the abdominal viscera; the peritoneum has parietal and visceral divisions
peroneal
pertaining to the outer side of the leg
phalanx
one of the long bones of the fingers or toes
phrenic
pertainig to the diaphram
piriform
pear shaped
pisiform
like a pea in shape and size
pleura
the serous membrane covering the liungs and lining the walls of the throacic cavity
plexus
braided network expecially of nerves veins or lymphatics
portal
1 gateway or entranceway, especially that of the liver 2 a portal veitn is a vein between two capillary networks
psoas
pertainig to the loin- the part of the back between the ribs and hip bone
ramus
plate like branch of a bone nerve or vessel
retinaculum
special fascial thickening which helps to retain a structure in its place
sciatic
pertaining to the ischium of the pelvis
semilunar
resembling a crescent or half moon
serrate
saw toothed
sigmoid
shaped like the letter s
sphincter
a ring like muscel enclosing a natural orifice
symphysis
type of joint
systemic anatomy
method of approching the study of human anatomy... by system
tendon
finrous tissue securing a muscle to its attahcment
thyroid
resembling a shield
toe
one of the digits of the feet
trunk
1 the body excluding the head and extremities 2 a primary nerve or vessel before its division
unilateral
pertaining to only one side of the body
valve
a membranous fold in a canal or passage which prevents the reflux of the contents
vermiform
shaped like a worm
viscera
the soft parts; the internal organs
visceral
pertaining to internal organs or the covering sof the internal organs
xiphoid
shaped like a sword
medial
lateral
nearer the midline
farther from the midline
radial
ulnar
side of teh extremity on which the radius is located- thumb side
side of the extremeity on which the ulna is located
tibial
fibular
side of the extremity on which the tibia is located-big toe
side of the extremity on which the fibula is located
anterior
posterior
situated before or toward the front
situated toward the rear or in back of
ventral
dorsal
belly side of the animal
back side fo the animal
superior
inferior
upper, nearer to the crown of the head
lower, farther from the crown of the head
cranial
caudal
head end fo the animal
tail end fo the animal
proximal
distal
nearer to the root of a limb or closer to any point fo reference
further from the root of a limb; further from any point of reference
palmar
volar
plantar
palm side of the hand and fingers
palm side f the hand and fingers or the sole side of the foot and toes
sole side of the foot and toes
invagination
evagination
infolding of one portion of a structure within another portion of the same structure
outpocketing of a structure
superficial
deep
nearer to the surface
farhter from the surface
ipsilateral
contralateral
pertaining to the same side
pertaining to the opposidt side