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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
• Anterior
The front, as opposed to the posterior.
• Anteroposterior
From front to back, as opposed to posteroanterior.
A
• Caudad
Toward the feet (or tail in embryology), as opposed to cranial.
C
• Caudal
Pertaining to, situated in, or toward the tail or the hind part. Or below another structure.
C
• Cranial
Toward the head, as opposed to caudad
C
• Deep
Away from the exterior surface or further into the body, as opposed to superficial.
D
• Dorsal
The back, as opposed to ventral.
D
• Horizontal
Parallel to the floor, a plane passing through the standing body parallel to the floor.
H
• Inferolateral
Below and to one side. Both inferior and lateral.
I
• Lateral
Toward the left or right side of the body, as opposed to medial.
L
• Posterior
The back or behind, as opposed to the anterior.
P
• Posteroanterior
From back to front, as opposed to anteroposterior.
P
• Pronation
Rotation of the forearm and hand so that the palm is down (and the corresponding movement of the foot and leg with the sole down), as opposed to supination.
P
• Prone
With the front or ventral surface downward (lying face down), as opposed to supine.
P
• Proximal
Toward the beginning, as opposed to distal.
P
• Sagittal
A vertical plane passing through the standing body from front to back. The mid-sagittal, or median plane, splits the body into left and right halves.
S
• Superficial
On the surface or shallow, as opposed to deep.
S
• Superior
Above, as opposed to inferior.
S
• Supination:
Rotation of the forearm and hand so that the palm is upward (and the corresponding movement of the foot and leg), as opposed to pronation.
S
• Supine:
With the back or dorsal surface downward (lying face up), as opposed to prone.
S
• Supine:
With the back or dorsal surface downward (lying face up), as opposed to prone.
S
• Transverse:
A horizontal plane passing through the standing body parallel to the ground.
T
• Ventral:
Pertaining to the abdomen, as opposed to dorsal.
V
• Vertical:
Upright, as opposed to horizontal.
V
Ball-and-socket joint
The ball-shaped head of one bone fits into a depression (socket) in another bone
Shoulder, hip
Condyloid joint
Oval-shaped condyle of one bone fits into oval-shaped cavity of another bone.
Knuckles (joints between metacarpals and phalanges
Gliding joint
Flat or slightly curved surfaces join
Joints between carpal bones (wrist) and between tarsal bones (ankle)
Hinge joint
Convex surface joins with concave surface
Elbow
Pivot joint
Cylinder-shaped projection on one bone is surrounded by a ring of another bone and ligament
Joint between radius and ulna at elbow and joint between atlas and axis at top of vertebral column
Saddle joint
Each bone is saddle shaped and fits into the saddle-shaped region of the opposite bone
Joint between carpal and metacarpal bones of the thumb