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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Study of structure and form
Study of function
Gross Anatomy
The study of structures that can be observed without magnification.
Which of the following terms is defined as the study of structure by means of the cutting and separation of tissues test ?
Which of the following terms is defined as examining the body for signs of normalcy or disease by touching structures with the finger tips?
Which of the following terms is defined as examining the body for signs of normalcy or disease by listening to the natural sounds made by the body such as heart and lung sounds?
Which of the following terms is defined as examining the body for signs of normalcy or disease by listening to a sound while tapping on the body?
Which of the following scientists were the first to describe blood flow as a continuous circuit around the body from the heart to the organs and back to the heart again?
Servetus and Harvey
The word "physiology" is derived from the word "physiologi" which was first used by this scientist when identifying diseases caused by natural phenomenon rather than those attributed to supernatural causes.
Which of the following subdisciplines of physiology deals with the study of hormones and their effects?
Which of the following terms is used to describe our ability to sense and react to a variety of stimuli?
In the hierarchy of organization of living things, which of the following is the simplest level at which we see all the basic functions of life?
Which of the following scientists is the famous Italian physiologist who published the first atlas of anatomy, De Humani Corporis Fabrica in 1543?
Andreas Vesalius
In a feedback loop, which of the following components carries out the response necessary to restore homeostasis in an unbalanced system?
Which type of feedback loop will result in a self-amplification response in the same direction, rather than lead to a corrective effect?
positive feedback loop
Which medical imaging technique is most useful for visualizing soft tissues?
magnetic resonance imaging
Which of the following medical imaging techniques is used to assess the metabolic state of tissue?
positron emission tomography
Which of the following methods of medical imaging uses sound wave reverberations to visualize internal organs?
Which level of organization of living things represents more than one cell type sharing a common function?
Complex, multicellular organisms usually consist of multiple
Tissues, organs and organ systems
A person can be declared legally dead if he or she has
no brain waves for 24 hours.
Humans are genetically most closely related to the gorilla.
Repair of the thumb is given the highest priority when repairing damage to the hand.
Color vision is a hallmark of primate evolution and adaptation.
Anatomical terms coined from the names of people are called nomina anatomica.
Which of the following scientists treated Roman gladiators and published a highly regarded medical textbook based on his observations and animal dissections?
Who is considered the father of modern medicine?
Which of the following scientists was famous for having recorded his observations of "little anamacules" and is therefore one of the first scientists credited with having examined life at a microscopic level?
Antony van Leeuwenhoek
Which of the following scientists improved the optics of the compound light microscope, added several controls, and was later the first to describe "cellulae" (little cells) when describing what he saw when looking at cork cells?
Robert Hooke
A law of nature describes in general the predictable ways in which matter and energy behave.
Scientists and lawyers use the word "theory" in the same way.
Carl Zeiss is one of the scientists credited with having improved the compound light microscope such that chromatic aberrations were significantly minimized.
Theodor Schwann and Matthias Schleiden are the two scientists credited with having been the first to conclude that all living things are composed of cells.
The philosophers credited with having invented new habits of scientific thought and therefore turning science into what is recognized today as a more objective and systematic approach to information research are:
Francis Bacon and Rene Descartes
The purpose of a hypothesis is to suggest a method for answering a specific question.
The main contribution of all the scientists and philosophers discussed in this first chapter was that they
helped replace superstition with an appreciation of natural laws,were pioneers in establishing a scientific way of thinking, bridged the chasm between mystery and medication.