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31 Cards in this Set

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fade-out
Gradually darkens the end of a shot to black
fade-in
lightens a shot from black
dissolve
superimposes the end of shot A and the beginning of shot B
wipe
shot B replaces shot A by means of a boundary line moving across the screen
cut
splicing two shots together
graphic match
filmmaker may link shots by graphic similarities
rhythmic relations
filmmaker adjusts the length of shots in relation to one another
spatial relations
constructing film space
temporal relations
editing to control the time of the action denoted in the film
flashforward
editing moves from the present to a future event, then returns to the present
flashbacks
present one or more shots out of the ir presumed story order
crosscuttin
common way films construct a variety of spaces
temporal ellipsis
eliminating time to do an action
elliptical editing
presents an action in such a way that it consumes less time on the screen than it does in the story
overlapping editing
cuts that repeat part or all of an action
continuity editing
the dominant editing style
axis of action
180 degree line
match on action
show action beginning in shot A then continue it in shot B
SOUND
ENGAGES A DISTINCT SENSE MODE
loudness
sound we hear results from vibrations in the air - amplitude, or breadth, of the vibrations produces our sense of loudness, or volume
pitch
frequency of sound vibrations affects pitch, or the perceived highness or lowness of the sound
timbre
harmonic components of sound give it a certain color, or tone quality - musicians call it timbre
diegetic sound
sound that has a source in the story world
nondiegetic sound
represented as coming from a source outside the story world - ex music
internal and external diegetic sound
use of sound to enter a character's mind is so common that we need to distinguish between these two
sound over
nondiegetic and internal diegetic sounds called this because they do not come from the real space of the scene
sound perspective
sense of spatial distance and location analogous to the cues for visual deptha nd volume that we get with visual perspective
synchronous sound
matching of sound with image in projection creates this
asynchronous
filmmakers obtained imaginative effects by putting these out-of-sync
simultaneous sound
sound takes place at the same time as the image in terms of the story events
nonsimultaneous
the sound we hear to occur earlier or later in the story than the events that we see in teh image