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17 Cards in this Set

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Lines of dialogue that are spoken by one character when more than one character is onstage and are only meant to be heard by members of the audience
Aside
The circumstances or situations within a play that allows the audience to identify with the hero or heroine or to assume that character's experience for a short time.
Ideally the audience will be able to purge themselves of those feelings and will be left feeling relieved and emotionally healed or purified
Catharsis
A group of masked dancers who would chant lyrical hymns at religious festivals in ancient Greece. In later Greek plays Odes would be chanted that seperated the episodes in a play. These odes would serve both as a commnet on the action within the play as well as representation of the audience's reaction to the play itself
Chorus
Usually represents situations that are designed to amuse as well as instruct, to delight, and entertain in a dramatic production
Comedy
From the Latin meaning "god from a machine"- in ancient Greek theatre a mechanical contraption (a series of ropes and pulleys) would allow the character playing the god or goddess to be lowered onto the stage.
The phrase, now used more broadly, refers to any device, character, or event that is suddnely and conviently introduced into a literary work to resolve conflict
deus ex machina
The final revelations or developments that occur after, or because of, the events of the climax or central conflict; is from the French for "untying" and refers to the unraveling or literally the untying of the plot after the climax
Denoument
The words characters in a play speak to each other
Dialogue
When the audience of a literary work (usually a play) is aware of situation, actions, or word meanings that one or more characters are not aware of. In other words, the audienceis in on something the character is not
Dramatic irony
An exaggerated form of comedy that derives much of its humor from slapstick humor, crude jokes, pratfalls, hilariously inept characters, and rambunctious behavior
Farce
From the Greek meaning "insolence" or "outrage". Best defined as the overreaching pride of humans that inevitably leads ro their downfall. In Greek theatre, ____ would make human beings forget their limitations and shortcoming comings and challenge the gods
Hubris
A long uninterrupted speech by a character when other characters are present
Monologue
Originally in Greek theatre, a hymn of praise (often sung in honor of the god Apollo)- now applied more broadly as any lyric that celebrates its subject
Paean
From the Greek fro "suffering" and "passion". Refers to a quality in literature or art that arouses pity, sympathy, tenderness, or sorrow
Pathos
A reversal or sudden turn in the fortunes of a character
Peripety
A speech in which a single character reveals his or her feelings and inner conflict- will occur when the character is alone on stage, not addressing any other characters directly
Soliloquy
Along with comedy this is one of the two dramatic genres as defined in greek theatre; commonly recounts the story of the fall of a hero or a person who occupies a high position at the beginning of a play- this genre is identified by the tortured protagonist's journey towards self-knowledge or awareness, the fateful, often irrevocable choices he or she makes, and often, a high body count at the end of the play
Tragedy
A fatal flaw or short coming in a tragic hero or heroine. The flaw may manifest itself in a character as pride, anger, jealousy, uncertainty, etc
Tragic flaw