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10 Cards in this Set

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Clifford Geertz: religion
is a 1) system of symbols and actions which acts to
2) Establish Powerful and pervasive moods and motivations in humans
3) By formulating conceptions of a general and ultimate order of existence and
4) clothing these conceptions w/ such an aura of factuality that
5) the moods and motivations seem uniquely compelling and realistic
religion contrasts with 3 other ways of experiencing the world-
“the common sensical”: excepts the world as it is, just as it seems to be
•Scientific: nothing is sacred because everything can be questioned. The giveness,
•Aesthetic Mode: pure type, eager dwelling on appearances,
• Moves beyond the realities of everyday life
Geertz points out problem of meaning becomes particularly pressing at 3 points
1. Limits of analysis/ understanding
2.Limits of endurance and pain
3. Limits of ethics, morality
Ritual-
performance of a more or less formalized communicative behavior; the purpose of which is to put on public record some ideal or expectation of the relation
religious ritual
- interactional ritual with extraordinary/supernatural beings; performance of a more or less formalized communicative behavior; the purpose of which is to put on public record some ideal or expectation of the relation- but where one partner is supernatural
Freud-


Marx-
o projection of relationship with your parents into supernatural being

o religion is a mistake
Crow
relatively egalitarian; fundamental difference between men and women; competitive among males esp. during war; expressive society-high emotion; go on “spirit quest”- individual, find spirit who will protect you, fast for 4 days- no food, drink, sleep- usually hallucinate until they find their spirit; if they cant find it, they self-mutilate until the pain makes them see it;
Durheim
projection of the social
Zuni
live in Arizona
much like Balinese
very cooperative, well-run society divided into groups
2. pueblos- everything is orderly
3. gender- woman play prominent role, have say in town meetings
Zuni Ritual
opposite of crow, emphasis on orderly performance of communal rights
-variety of ritual lodges, some male/female
emphasis on religious unpsychedelic experience
ideal state: calm, reserved emotional harmony