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7 Cards in this Set

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not much; not enough
This expression is always followed by a negative form of a predicate.
perhaps because ~
せい, without か, gives a reason or a cause. [S1 せいか、S2]gives a possible reason for some undesirable situation in S2, meaning 'Perhaps because S1, S2 holds.' せい is a noun. So, it is preceded by Nの, な-adjective な, or plain forms of い-adjectives and verbs. When S2 represents a dersirable situation, おかげで is used.
try V-ing
This is a polite form of Vてみなさい. Since ~なさい is a form used by someone higher in status to give a command to someone lower in status, ~ごらんなさい cannot be used by a person lower in status. Vてごらん(e.g.,見てごらん) is a more informal variant of Vてごらんなさい, and is used, for example, by mothers in talking to children.
indicates a minimum level, degree, etc...
Nぐらい, in this case, indicates that N is the minimum level, degree, etc. (e.g., easiest, lightest, etc.) ぐらい is often replaced by くらい.
nothing can be better than ~
This expression is most frequently used with non-past plain forms of verbs.
as one wishes
to tend to ~; to be apt to ~; to be prone to ~
This suffix follows certain verbs (stem of ます-form) and nouns, and expresses the idea that one tends to do something, something is more likely to hapen, etc. It is negative in its implication.