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27 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is the treatment for a person with erysipelas(cellulitis)?
Aggressive courses of oral or IV antibiotics
Cold sores and fever blisters are terms to describe what?
Oral herpes simplex lesions
What is another term for fungal infection?
Mycoses
What is ichthyosis?
Pathologically dry skin
What is a causative agent for herpes?
Oral or respiratory secretions
What is the difference between degrees of burns?
1st degree: redness
2nd degree: blisters
3rd degree: charring
Is impetigo contraindicated and if so why?
Yes, because it is highly contagious
What are scabies?
Tiny mites called sarcoptes scabiei
What is the difference between boils & acne?
boils: one lesion at a time, aggressive bacteria, extremely painful, highly communicable
acne: spread over large area, less aggressive bacteria, mildly painful, not communicable
What causes warts?
Human papillomavirus (HPV)
What is the difference between plantar warts & calluses?
plantar warts: anywhere on plantar surface, usually not bilateral, maybe white with dark speckling, very hard & unyielding
calluses: usually on back of heels and lateral, bilateral, thick white skin, no particular sensation
What causes erysipelas?
Streptococcus infection
Where are the different fungi found on the body?
tinea corporis - body
tinea capitis - head
tinea pedis - foot
tinea cruris - groin
tinea manus - hand
tinea barbae - beard/face
tinea versicolor - variegated pigmentation
tinea unguium - skin under finger/toe nails
What is the difference between contact dermatitis and eczema?
Contact dermatitis - skin inflammation caused by an external irritation or allergen
Eczema - connected to systemic hypersentitivity reactions expressed in the skin
What is herpes and why do you isolate the sheets?
Herpes is a viral infection; sheets are isolated because the virus can survive outside of the host for hours at a time
What are hives?
An inflammatory skin reaction to an allergen or emotional stressor
What are moles?
Moles are isolated areas where pigment cells in the epidermis have produced excess melanin
What is psoriasis?
Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition involving the excessive production of new skin cells that pile up into isolated regions
What is the most common type of skin cancer?
Basal cell carcinoma
What is released when you develop hives?
Histamine
What is the leading sign of non-melanoma skin cancer?
Sores that don't heal
Which skin conditions are contagious?
Boils, cellulitis, fungal infections, herpes simplex, impetigo, lice & mites, warts
Actinic Keratosis could become what?
Squamous cell carcinoma
What are other terms for wounds & sores?
Lacerations, incisions, excoriations, fissures, papules, vesicles, pustules, punctures, avulsions, abrasions, ulcers
What are the ABC's of melanoma?
A - Asymmetrical
B - Border
C - Color
D - Diameter
E - Elevated
What is the primary sign of impetigo?
Fluid filled blisters
What 2 moles have a high risk of becoming a malignant melanoma?
Large moles that develop after adolescence and moles in areas subject to alot of irritation