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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which tissues are targeted by poliio first?
Intestinal mucosa
What can cause stroke?
Ischemia or bleeding in the cranium
What is aphasia?
Loss of language
What are the modifiable risk factors for stroke?
High blood pressure, smoking, atherosclerosis, high cholesterol, C-reactive protein, atrial fibrillation, high alcohol consumption, obesity & sedentary lifestyle, diabetes, high-estrogen birth control pills, hormone replacement therapy & overall stress
What are the non-modifiable risk factors for stroke?
Age, gender, race, family history, previous stroke
What is Guillian-Barre?
Acute inflammation and destruction of the myelin layer of peripheral nerves in the extremities
How does Guillian-Barre progress?
It begins in the feet and moves proximally
What is Lou Gehrig's Disease?
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
What is multiple sclerosis?
Destruction of myelin sheaths around both motor and sensory neurons in the CNS
What does polio affect?
Nerve cells in the anterior horns of the spinal cord
What are the signs and symptoms of a migraine?
Pain preceeded by blurred vision, the perception of flashing lights and auras & auditory hallucinations, extreme throbbing pain on one side of the head, hypersensitivity to light, nausea & vomiting
Which nervous system disorders are contraindicated for massage?
Acute encephalitis, herpes, zoster, meningitis, stroke & vascular headaches
What are some signs and symptoms of chemical dependency?
Persistent craving for substance, unable to voluntarily control use, increasing tolerance & withdrawal symptoms
What is bradykinesia?
Decrease in spontaneity of movement
Bell's Palsy has commonly been stimulated by a reactivation of what?
Herpes simplex virus
What are contractures?
When chronically tight muscle fibers atrophy & are replaced by connective tissue
Is reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome indicated or contraindicated?
Locally contraindicated in acute affected areas
What is the most prominent symptom of shingles?
Pain and blisters along dermatome
What are the signs and symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome?
Cramps, abdominal pain, gas, bloating, constipation, diarrhea & frequent need to defecate
What is ascites?
Accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity
Which digestive disorder is relieved by eating food?
What are the five "f"'s for gallstones?
Female, fat, forty, flatulent, fertile
Is it good to lie down if you have GERDS?
What are contributing factors of ulcers?
Stress, helicobacter pylori & NSAIDs
Does hepatitis indicate or contraindicate massage?
What disease can make colorectal cancer more difficult to ID early?
What areas of the GI tract do Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis affect?
Crohn: Mostly small intestine
UC: Large intestine only
What is renal colic?
Severe pain caused by impaction or passage of a calculus in the ureter or renal pelvis
What are the complications of pyelonephritis?
Scarring, long lasting kidney damage, hypertension, renal failure & sepsis
Does renal failure indicate or contraindicate massage?
What is the earliest sign of bladder cancer?
Hematuria (blood in urine)
Where can UTIs occur?
Anywhere in the urinary system
What urinary disorders have symptoms such as burning, increased frequency & urgency?
Interstitial cystitis & urinary tract infections
What causes urinary tract infections?
Escherichia coli, staphylococcus, chronic irritation & stress
What are the symptoms of glomerular nephritis?
Abnormalities in urine, hematuria, protein in urine & hypertension
What parts of the face are affected by Bell's Palsy & stroke?
Drooping of one side of the face.