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35 Cards in this Set

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What is rheumatoid arthritis?
An autoimmune condition in which the synovial membranes of various joints are attacked by the immune system cells
When is it appropriate for a person with rheumatoid arthritis to get a massage?
Subacute stage
What is the first joint affected by ankylosing spondylosis?
Sacroiliac joint
Would you massage a person with ankylosing spondylitis?
Yes, conservatively in conjunction with a health care team
When do dislocations occur?
When the bones in a joint are separated so that they no longer articulate
What are the signs and symptoms of gout?
Punched out pattern of bony erosion, signs of extreme inflammation, moderate fever and chills
What is a Baker's cyst?
Fluid filled extensions of the synovial membrane at the knee
What condition is described to have acutely painful first few steps?
Plantar fasciitis
Which muscle is commonly affected with TMJ syndrome?
Lateral pterygoid
What type of activity increases the risk for developing an abdominal hernia?
Anything that increases internal abdominal pressure
What are the signs and symptoms of Lyme Disease?
Bulls eye rash, fever, fatigue, joint pain, acute intermittant inflammation of one or more large joints, numbness, poor coordination, Bell's palsy & irregular heartbeat.
How does osteoarthritis start?
Cartilage damage
What is the progression of spondylosis?
Thickening and fusion of the vertebral bodies, facets and ligamentum flava due to osteophytic growths.
What is another term for osteoarthritis?
Degenerative joint disease
What is osteoarthritis called in the spine?
Spondylosis
Where do Baker's cysts occur?
Posterior knee (popliteal fossa)
What is patellofemoral syndrome?
A condition in which the patellar cartilage becomes damaged as it contacts the femoral cartilage
What types of hernias do men get?
Epigastric hernias, inguinal hernia
What types of hernias do women get?
Epigastric hernias, paraumbilical hernias, femoral hernias
A person with spondylosis will probably have pain when?
When standing or walking
Why do some people get repeated sprains?
Increased ligament laxity
What nerve is involved in carpal tunnel syndrome?
Median nerve
What are the signs and symptoms of a Baker's cyst?
Tightness or fullness when the knee is in flexion
What is a bunion?
A protrusion at the metatarsal-phalangeal joint of the great toe that occurs when the toe is laterally deviated
What is the most common contributing factor to bursitis?
Repetitive stress
What is more risky, a large or small hernia?
Small
How do you massage someone with a ganglion cyst?
Ganglion cysts are contraindicated for massage
What is Osgood-Schlatter?
A result of chronic or traumatic irritation at the insertion of the quadriceps tendon.
What is the difference between pes planus and pes cavus?
Pes planus - flat feet
Pes cavus - high arch
What is schleroderma?
A chronic autoimmune disorder involving damage to small blood vessels that leads to abnormal accumulations of scar tissue in the skin.
How do you treat tendonitis?
Weight bearing stress and stretching
What is torticollis?
Any condition that causes the head to be pulled to one side
What is Lyme Disease?
A bacterial infection spread by the bites of specific species of ticks.
What is another term for palmar fasciitis?
Dupuytren Contracture
What is considered the disease of kings?
Gout