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53 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which muscles attach to the IT Band?
TFL & gluteus maximus
Which muscles dorsiflex?
Tibialis anterior, extensor digitorum longus, extensor hallucis longus, peroneus tertius
Which muscles plantarflex?
Plantaris, soleus, gastrocnemius, tibialis posterior, flexor digitorum longus, flexor hallucis longus, peroneus longus, peroneus brevis
Which muscles pass behind the lateral malleolus?
Peroneus longus, peroneus brevis
Which muscles pass behind the medial malleolus?
Tibialis posterior, flexor digitorum longus, flexor hallucis longus
What is the deepest posterior crural muscle?
Tibialis posterior
Which muscles would be injured for each lower extremity nerve?
Deep peroneal: tibialis anterior, extensor hallucis longus, extensor digitorum longus, peroneus tertius
Superficial peroneal: peroneus longus, peroneus brevis
Tibial: gastrocnemius, soleus, plantaris, tibialis posterior, flexor hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus
Which muscles flex the hip?
Iliopsoas, pectineus, TFL, adductor brevis, adductor longus, adductor magnus (anterior head), rectus femoris, sartorius
Which muscles extend the hip?
Gluteus maximus, biceps femoris (long head), semitendonosis, semimembranosis, adductor magnus (posterior head)
Which muscles are supplied by the obturator nerve?
Obturator externus, adductor brevis, adductor magnus (anterior head), adductor longus, gracilis
Which muscles attach to the ischial tuberosity?
Adductor magnus, biceps femoris (long head), semitendonosis, semimembranosis, quadratus femoris
Which muscles attach to the linea aspera?
Biceps femoris (short head), adductor brevis, adductor longus, adductor magnus, vastus medialis, vastus lateralis, pectineus
Which muscles tilt the pelvis posterior?
Hamstrings
Which muscles tilt the pelvis anterior?
Iliopsoas
What does the femoral triangle consist of?
Sartorius, inguinal ligament, adductor longus
Which muscle maintains the longitudinal arch?
Flexor digitorum longus
What is the tarsal that has no muscular attachments?
Talus
What nerve is involved when you squat from a standing position?
Inferior gluteal nerve
How do you increase ROM for hip flexion at the pelvic girdle?
Tilt pelvis posteriorly
How do you increase ROM for hip extension at the pelvic girdle?
Tilt pelvis anteriorly
What is the action of popliteus?
Medial rotation
Which muscles are supplied by the femoral nerve?
Iliopsoas, pectineus, sartorius, rectus femoris, vastus medialis, vastus lateralis, vastus intermedius
Which muscle is important for propulsion during walking?
Flexor hallucis longus
How is the anterior cruciate ligament injured?
Planting and cutting, hyperextension
How is the posterior cruciate ligament injured?
Direct contact with opponent or playing surface
Which muscles attach to the Achilles tendon?
Gastrocnemius, soleus, plantaris
Which muscles do inversion?
Tibialis posterior, tibialis anterior
Which muscles do eversion?
Peroneus longus, peroneus brevis, peroneus tertius
Which muscle is the strongest dorsiflexion?
Tibialis anterior
Which muscle is the strongest plantar flexor?
Soleus
Which muscles make up the stirrup of the foot?
Peroneus longus & tibialis anterior
If you were unable to stand on one foot, which nerves and muscles would be impaired?
Gluteus medius & the superior gluteal nerve
What is the origin of iliopsoas?
Lumbar vertebrae & iliac fossa
What is the insertion of iliopsoas?
Lesser trochanter
What is the action of iliopsoas?
Strongest hip flexor
What are the actions involved in leg crossing?
Flexion at the hip and lateral rotation
How do you stretch gastrocnemius?
Leaning into wall
Which muscles are the antagonists to gastrocnemius?
Tibialis anterior, extensor hallucis longus, extensor digitorum longus
Which nerve innervates gastrocnemius?
Tibial nerve
What are the actions of bicycling?
UP hip: flexion
UP knee: flexion
UP ankle: dorsiflexion
DOWN hip: extension
DOWN knee: extension
DOWN ankle: plantarflexion
Which muscles make up the pes anserine?
Semitendonosis, gracilis, sartorius
What are the divisions of the sciatic nerve?
Tibial division, peroneal division
Who are Tom, Dick and Harry?
Tibialis posterior, flexor digitorum longus, flexor hallucis longus
What is another name for Lateral Femoral epicondylitis?
Iliotibial Band Friction Syndrome
Which nerve is affected in tarsal tunnel syndrome?
Posterior tibial nerve
What is the most common ankle injury?
Inversion sprains
Repetitive plantar flexion results in what condition?
Achilles tendonitis
Heel spurs are commonly associated with which condition?
Plantar fasciitis
What is another term for flat feet?
Pes Planus
What is a high arched foot known as?
Pes Cavus
What are overlapping toes?
Bunions
Which condition is hallmarked by an elongated second toe?
Morton's Toe
Benign nerve growth between the metatarsals is called what?
Mortons Neuroma