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28 Cards in this Set

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Name and explain 4 adaptions amphibians have to live on land.
1.way to get oxygen
2.way to prevent water loss
3.strong skeleton for support
4.strong muslces to move on land
Name 5 values to the jellylike coat on frog eggs.
1. protects from parasite
2. hard for predators to eat
3. keeps them at a constant temp.
4.food for tadpoles
5.protects from mechanical injury
Describe a frogs heart and how blood flows through it
*3 chambered heart>2 atriums,1 ventricle
Blood flows from right atrium to ventricle to lungs to left atrium to body
Name 2 functions of the small intestines.
final place of digestion
absorbs nutrients into blood
Name 2 functions of the large intestines.
reabsorbs water
stores solid waste
Name 3 functions of a frogs liver.
produces bile
stores nutrients
detoxifies poisons
Name 3 things added to food in a frogs stomach.
water
hydrochloric acid
enzymes
Name the 5 parts of a frogs brain and tell what each does.
Cerebrum-voluntary action
Medulla-involuntary action
Cerebellum-muscles
Olfactory-smell
Optic-sight
Name 2 types of frog teeth and what they can do.
maxillary-hold prey
vomerine-crush exoskeleton
Name 2 uses of bile
neutralizes stomach acid
helps breakdown fats
Name 2 enzymes found in frogs stomach.
pepsin
rennin
Describe aplexus.
Male frog grabs female around abdomen from behind to squeeze out eggs
Tell why frog reproduction is much more efficient than fish
more eggs get ferilized
cloaca
common opening for waste and reproductive cells
bladder
stores liquid waste
Newt
land salamander
Gall Bladder
Stores and filters bile
Most common frog around here and most common salamander around here.
Frog:Leopard
Salamander:Tiger
Why must amphibians return to water?
to mate
Filters a frogs blood
Kidney
Amphibian toes are without ________
Claws
Opening between a frogs mouth and its stomach _______
Gullet
_________ ______ connects a frogs ear with its mouth, its function is to ______________________
eustachian tube
equalize pressure on eardrum
Frog hind legs are __________ making them more useful for ____________
webbed
swimming
means eardrum
tympanic membrane
______ gets rid of carbon dioxide for a frog.
skin
destroys old red blood cells
spleen
How do the eyes of a frog help him eat?
helps swallow