Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

82 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
"Fifty-Four Forty or Fight" referred to a boundary dispute between the United States and
Great Britain
A government run by the people where everyone has an equal vote.
Who was the U.S. general who led troops to the Rio Grande, inside what Mexico perceived as its territory, and established conditions ripe for war?
Zachary Taylor
Which general led troops 800 miles to Santa Fe and accepted New Mexico's surrender?
Stephen Kearny
Who was the U.S. President during the War with Mexico?
James K. Polk
Well known and respected poet, and was also the first popular black American poet.
Phillis Wheatley
The Bear Flag Republic was the name given to
independent California
a. Stephen W. Kearny
b. Zachary Taylor
c. Winfield Scott
d. John C. Frémont
1. northern Mexico
2. California
3. Santa Fe
4. Mexico City
Match each American Officer above with his theater of command in the Mexican War.
a-3, b-1, c-4, d-2
The "forty-niners" were people associated with the
California gold rush
From 1821 to 1824, __________ leads the first of several groups of American settlers to a fertile area along the Brazos River in Texas. Each family recives a large amount of farmland and grazing land at a bargain price.
Stephen F. Austin
The battle MOST responsible for winning Texas its freedom from Mexico took place
near the San Jacinto River
The commander-in-chiefof the Texas rebels in the Texas Revolution was
Sam Houston
Joseph Smith was killed by his Nauvoo, Illinois, neighbors following disagreements over his
Mormon beliefs
A branch of government with two sections (houses).
The unpopular King of Great Britain during the period of the American Revolution
King George III
The annexation of Texas was delayed because of conflicts over
the balance of free and slave states
This person was killed in the Boston Massacre (might have been the leader of the mob)
Crispus Attucks
In 1845, the _____________ is disolved when Texas becomes the twenty-eighth state in the Union.
Battle of San Jacinto
Local organizations used to inform and unite colonists against Britian actions
Sons/Daughters of Liberty
In 1835, the ________ erupts, pitting Texans eager for independence from Mexico against the government of Mexico.
Texas Revolution
Leader of the Green Mountain Boys who captured Fort Ticonderoga
Eathan Allen
The Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842 settled territorial disputes between the United States and Great Britain in what is now
Minnesota and Maine
This united the colonists for the first time successfully, it was in protest of the Stamp Act
Stamp Act Congress
Willing to accept a plan (by a government).
Seen as the leader of a war between the American Indians and the settlers of New England
John Cuot
The latitude 54 40 in "Fifty-Four Forty or Fight" refers to the
northern boundary of the Oregon Territory
Legal document that permitted custom collectors to search any building for illegal goods
writs of assistance
In 1838, Texas asks the United States to ________ the republic into the Union.
He united 18 American Indian tribes to try and force western settlers and soldiers from western lands
One argument against annexing Texas to the United States was that the annexation
might give more power to the supporters of slavery
Patriots ready in a mminute's notice to defend their colony
A government run by representatives that are elected by the people.
The principle writer of the Declaration of Independence
Thomas Jefferson
How many organized territories did the United States have in 1850?
Well known Massachusetts patriot and critic of England
William Pitt
The Bear Flag Republic was set up in what is now the state of
He wrote the influential pamphlet, Common Sense
Thomas Paine
Taxes laid on imports and exports.
Organized the Albany Plan of Union, was a printer, inventor, an American ambassador overseas, and helped write the Declaration of Independence.
Ben Franklin
In the Oregon treaty with Britain in 1846, the northern boundary of the United States was established to the Pacific Ocean along the line of
A list of priviledges and freedoms guarnteed to the citizens of the United States of America
Bill of Rights
In the 1840's, the view that God had ordained the growth of an American nation stretching across North America was called
Manifest Destiny
A leading statesman in Parliament who favored the removal of troops from Boston and an end to the Intolerable Acts
Sam Adams
Western guide who helped open the land west of the Appalachin to settlers.
Daniel Boone
The unpopular British Prime Minister that decided to tax the colonies and influnced the British Parliament to do so.
George Greenville
A group of people with a feeling of unity based on sharing a common land and a common past.
Colonists who wanted national independence
A group that allows many governments to work together for a shared goal.
Sailed for the Spanish Crown in the attempt to sail around the world. He died, but some of his crew and one of his ships succeded.
Ferdinand Magellan
Spanish system where A,erican Indians were entrusted to a Spanish settler to use them as laborers, but were expected to be taken care of and taught Christianity.
Father of the Constitution (
hewas allowed to take notes)
James Madison
Plans of government.
Spanish adventurers who conquered large parts of the Americas in the 1500's.
French explorer that searched for the Northwest passage around today's Gulf of St. Lawrence and popularized North America.
Jacques Cartier
Attempted to standardize an American language through the spelling of words.
Noah Webster
Official or legal additions (to the Constitution)
The view that the national government has only those powers and priviledges that are specifically written in the Constitution
strict construction
Peacemaker of the Constitution
Ben Franklin
Well respected author who also wrote history books on the American Revolution.
Mercy O. Warren
Made up of many different groups
Long decline in economic activity
Italian chronicler that published a series of letters about the new world. His name caught on as the title to the "new world"
Amerigo Vespucci
The system set up by the Constitution in which the branches of government can limit each other's power
checks and balances
To come to an agreement by changing one's demands
Italian merchant who travled to China, stayed there for a while, travled back to Europe, and wrote about his adventures in the late 1200's
Marco Polo
This imaginary longitudinal line, as dec;ared by the Pore gave all the land and riches to the west of it to Spainand Portugal the east.
Treaty of Tordesillas
The area Europeans called the Asian lands of China, India, and the surrounding islands.
The "Indies"
To reject; especially the power to reject a proposed rule or law by the Presidet of the United States
Self-sufficient communities established by Priest in the Americas.
The view that the national government has powers and priviledges that are specifically stated and implied within the Constitution
loose construction
The leader of a mob that tried to take arms (guns) from a Confederational Arsenal in MA.
Daniel Shays
People who were opposed to the ratification of the Constitution
Popular painter during and after the American Revolution.
Charles W. Peale
The three goals of the early European explorers to acquire for there country (especially the Spanish).
God, Gold, Glory
He founded a school of navigation to expand trade with Africa and the Indies (so he could increase his nation's welath and power).
Prince Henry of Portugal
People who supported the ratification of the Constitution
This was formed by connecting several western roads (from VA to Cumbland Gap to KY)
Wilderness Road
One of New Hampshire's delegates to the constitutional Convention
John Langdon
Division of power into executive, legislative, and judicial branches
separation of powers
Presiding Officer of the Constitution
George Washington
Having the power to control one's own affairs.
Officially accused of wrongdoingin public office by the House of Representatives