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63 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
When Thoreau describes the beaten path, he reminds us that
people fall into dull routines to easily.
In "The Minister's Black Veil" Hawthorne presents Hooper's character as
lonely and tormented--a prisoner of his own heart
When Emerson states that "Primary wisdom is intuition", he encourages people to
rely on emotional truth
Name the two transcendental
philosophers of the unit.
R. W. Emerson
H. D. Thoreau
Thoreau's style is
to begin with a specific event--the story of a strong, beautiful bug--and build to a general truth.
How can Thoreau's philosophy can be summed up?
By living a simple life in harmony with nature, a person is more able to concentrate on the important issues of life.
List the qualities of a sonnet.
14 lines
rigid rhyme scheme
written in iambic pentameter
Emerson outraged traditionalists when he rejected formal religion in favor of
a personal relationship with God--not necessarily a Christian God.
Why does Ahab want to punch through the "wall" that hides reality?
Ahab wants absolute truth;he is frustrated and angry because he wants to know why evil exists.
Of all of Emerson's quotes, which one reflects a key idea of Transcendentalism?
"Nothing is at last sacred but the integrity of your own mind."
"Society never advances."
How might a reader challenge an author's philosophy or ideas?
The reader might reflect on personal experience to judge the ideas.

Remember that philosophy, ideas, and opinions are sometimes presented as facts.
What does the fact that the mollusk built a largers house symbolize?
To avoid stagnation or a living death, people, like the shell, need to add chambers or dimensions to their lives.
Why did Emerson allude to Socrates, Jesus, and Galilieo in Self-Reliance?
Because they did not conform to society's ideas, their struggles could inspire others.
Identify statements as either Puritan or Transcendental.

Man is evil.
What is accomplished in the sestet of a sonnet?
The conclusion--usually the higher message is found here.
Abstract as opposed to concrete in nature
"Our life is frittered away by detail"
"We lie in the lap of immense intelligence, which makes us receivers of its truth and organs of its activity."
How does Thoreau compare behaviors, attitudes, or personality traits that ants and men share.
Ants, like humans, fight resolutely--"Conquer or Die"
Ants, like Achilles, fight for vengenance.
Ants, like humans, have their national bands to cheer the dying.
Ants, like humans, rally behind causes--"three penny tax on tea"
Ants, like humans, declare victory when No ONE TRULY WINS.
What is accomplished in the octave of a sonnet?
presents the subject in a concrete, visual manner
What is the universal message coming from "The Chambered Nautilus"?
Be open to life's opportunities--Reach, stretch, and seek
"However mean your life is, meet it and live it; do not call it hard names."
What is the Emerson/Thoreau
view of nature?
Spiritual reality is in nature.
God/Man/Nature are connected
"Society everywhere is in conspiracy against the manhood of every one of its members."
What is the theme of the sonnet "Nature"/
Nature is a godly force that leads people through the stages of life.
Provide three reasons why this literary period was given such names
Many great writer living and writing in a 20 year span. Several advances in rights for women, children and minorities. People like Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr. influenced by the periods literature and they changed the 20th century
What is the Emerson/Thoreau view of human nature?
Man can reach perfection if he avoids society's forces of consistency and conformity.
Name the two important issues of the day.
Human Rights--Anti-slavery movement
"To be great is to be misunderstood."
"I did not wish to take a cabin passage, but . . . to go before the mast and on the deck of the world, for there I could best see the moonlight amid the mountains."
List two physical traits that indicate that Ahab is a profound sufferer.
peg leg made of whale bone=traumatized by nature

white scar=traumatized by life
List three other names for this unit other than America's
Golden Day.
American Reniassance=Rebirth
American Classic Age
The Flowering of New England
State the theme of "The Tide Rises, The Tide Falls".
Nature---the tide---endures;
People--traveler---does not.
*spent four years at sea--his college education
*a seeker, not a finder
*felt all subjects were infinite
*engaged in thought diving
*used symbolism and allegory to explore the dark side of human nature
H. Melville
What is the Emerson/Hawthorne
view of society?
Society promotes false values.
Society forces conformity and consistency.
"If a man does not keep pace with his companions, perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer."
Name the three Cambridge/Fireside poets.
O. W. Holmes
H. W. Longfellow
J. R. Lowell
What is the Melville/Hawthorne view of society?
Society can be cruel, blindly stupid, and indifferent to the suffering of people.
In "The Chambered Nautilus" what does the shell symbolize?
A kperson's soul like the shell should grow emotionally and spiritually thoughout life.
"Sell your clothes and keep your thoughts."
List two reasons why "Brute
Neighbors" is considered satire.
Thoreau used reduction of subject--men to ants.
He makes human nature appear foolish and wasteful of life and resources.
He maintains an objective attitude by looking at the ants through a magnifying glass.
*a medical doctor who pushed to allow women in medical school.
*a fireside poet
*wrote light verse
*"The Chambered Nautilus" is a rare exception
O.W. Holmes
How did Melville reveal his anti-transcendental attitudes in Moby Dick?
Ahab is obsessed and single-minded. He ignores common sense and other people's safety to kill a whale. He represents self-reliance gone mad. "Ahab never thinks; he only feels, feels, feels..."
What is the Melville/Hawthorne
view of nature?
Nature is a force--neither good nor evil.
Name the year span of this unit.
Name two important issues of the period.
"I become a transparent eyeball. I am nothing. I see
all. I am part or parcel to God."
*spent years in seclusion writing
*good friends with Melville
*explored the dark side of human nature
*used allegory and symbolism
*related to the hanging judge
N. Hawthorne
"In the woods(nature) is perpetual (lasting) youth."
What brought about the extraordinary growth of this literary period.
Homestead Act
Industrial Revolution
List four important historical events that influenced the literature of this unit.
Mexican War
Homestead Act
Gold Rush
1st Women's Rights convention
Lincoln Elected
*a fireside poet who wrote for family audiences.
*mastered the difficulties of writing sonnets
*noted for long narrative poems
*has a bust in Westminister Abbey
H.W. Longfellow
"Cultivate poverty like a garden herb, like sage."
*Father of transcendentalism
*A great genius
*left the ministry even though
he was a 7th generation minister
*spokesperson for this age
R.W. Emerson
What does the black veil represent in "The Minister's Black Veil?"
the veil represnets all the dark thoughts, secret sin, feelings that all people MASK. The veil could also symbolize the fact that people keep a wall between themselves and the world and even the people who lovethem the most.
List the other names for this literary periodother than the American Renaissance.
America's Golden Day
The Flowering of New England
America's Classic Age
Why was the period given such
pretigious names?
Many great writers were living and writing in a 30 year period.
Key advances in rights for women, children, and minorities.
Cultural and literary maturity
grew immensely
People like Gandhi and M. L. King were influenced by some of the writings.
*highly educated but did handyman work to free up time to think and write
*lived by Walden Pond for two years
*confronted the essential facts of life
*sucked the marrow of life
*set up a progressive school where children could not be flogged
"Trust thyself: every heart -vibrates to that iron string."
What brought about the extraodinary growth of America during this literary period.
Railroads, Immigration, Homestead Act, and Industrial Park.
According to Emerson, what are the enemies of self-reliance?
Conformity and Consistency
Puritan or Transcendental

Overly optimistic
Puritan or Transcendental

Man, God, and Nature are all part of the Oversoul.