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43 Cards in this Set

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When was the countrys first major presidential nominating convention take place?
first half of the 1800's
What is direct primary?

And what did it do to the power of party leaders?
an election prior to the real one in which a partys candidates are nominated by direct vote of the people.

And it diminished the power of party leader.
What is the greatest threat to party loyalty from the voters?
issue-oriented politics.
Who adopts the national party platform and nominates teh presidential/vice pres. candidates of the party?
national convention.
Which party system is most acclicable to the state level and is most used today?
two-party.
In the past 3 decades, the has the proportion of party voting in the congress increased, decresed, or stayed the same?
increased noticeably.
WHat party is most common for women and african americans?
democrats.
WHat is the disturbance theory?
says that interest groups form in part to counteract (oppose) the efforts of other groups.
who finances an interest group?
a patron.
what three things are considered an organized interest in political science terms?
1. public interest groups
2. business groups
3. labor unions
what is an organization that seeks a collective good that will not materially benifit the members of the group called?
public interest groups.
According to the data and information presented by the authors, groups reported using these lobbying techniques most frequently:
testifying at legislative hearings and helping draft legislation
What is public policy?
an attempt by the governemnt to address a public issue.
What are the three parts to public policy making (detail)?
1. Problem- the issue that needs to be addressed
2. Player- the individual or goup that in influetial in forming a plan to address the problem in question.
3. Policy- the final course of action decided upon government
In order to be most effective at influencing national public policy, interest groups should lobby what three things?
1. executive branch
2. grassroots
3. courts through lawsuits
If an interest group wanted to help persuade a decision in a case before the U.S. Supreme Court, they would most lik ely file a..?
amicys curiae brief
What do interest groups do in grassroot lobbying?
attempt to involve those people at the bottem of the political system-- the general citizen and voter.
What three may form a political action committee (PAC) and then give donations to congressional candidates?
1. Corporations
2. labor unions
3. interest groups
The vast majority of party leadership positions are filled at what level?
sub-national levels
Almost all interest groups lobby by:
testifying at hearings and contacting legislators.
what is a group of officeholders, candidates, activists, and voters who identify with a group label and seek to elect to public office individuals who run under that label called?
Policical Party
What is ticket split?
when voters cast ballots for candidates of different parties in the same election.
What do democrats and republican parties hold every 4 years to nominate their presidential and v pres. candidates?
national convention
Every 4 years at the national convention, what do the party delegates pass that explains the partys position on key issues?
party platform
Who spearheaded the formation of public citizen, a consumer safety and interest group?
Ralph Nader
What is grassroot lobbying?
a form of pressure-group activity that attepts to involve people at the bottom level of the political sytem.
Instead of filing an amicus curiae, what else can interst group lobbying of the courts take?
direct sponsorship.
What committee is a fund raising committee that represents an interest group in the policical process through compagn donations?
Policical Action Committee
what is a group of officeholders, candidates, activists, and voters who identify with a group label and seek to elect to public office individuals who run under that label called?
Policical Party
What is ticket split?
when voters cast ballots for candidates of different parties in the same election.
What do democrats and republican parties hold every 4 years to nominate their presidential and v pres. candidates?
national convention
Every 4 years at the national convention, what do the party delegates pass that explains the partys position on key issues?
party platform
Who spearheaded the formation of public citizen, a consumer safety and interest group?
Ralph Nader
What is grassroot lobbying?
a form of pressure-group activity that attepts to involve people at the bottom level of the political sytem.
Instead of filing an amicus curiae, what else can interst group lobbying of the courts take?
direct sponsorship.
What committee is a fund raising committee that represents an interest group in the policical process through compagn donations?
Policical Action Committee
what is coalition?
a group of interest or organizations that jkoin forces for the purpose of electing public officials.
waht is direct primary?
the selection of party candidates through the ballot of qualified voters rather than at party nomination conventions.
What is lobbying?
the activites of a group that seeks to influence legislation and persuade political leaders to suppose the groups position
what do interst groups do?
try to influence public policy
what is patronage?
jobs, grants or other special favors that are given as rewards to freidns and political allies for their support.
what is the disturbance theory and who came up with it?
David B Trumas-
interst groups form in part to counteract the efforts of other groups
what is issue-oriented politics?
politics that focuses on specific issues rather than on party, candidate, rr other loyalites.