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44 Cards in this Set

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People on the East Coast
Creek, Choctaw, Cherokee and Iraquois
Creek, Choctaw, Cherokee
Used the three sister farming technique which led to high population
Iraquois
Northeast woodland
Iraquois confederacy
matrilineal culture
French
from north america down to mississippi
fur trapping and trading
lived in marmony with the native americans
Spanish
southwest
converted and colonized
made native americans part of colonies
English
east coast
colonized
removed native americans moving them west
Impact of Disease
killed between 50-90% of native population
impact of horses
allowed sedentory tribes to move west and settle in the great plains
impact of trade
especially wanted firearms
led to intertribal conflicts
French and Indian War
-Extension of the seven year war in Europe
-Iraquois allied themselves with the British (trade)
-Almost all the other tribes sided with the French
-French raid English settlements
-British won the war
-Bad for tribes who sided w/ the french *Iroquois allience with British fell apart *Beginning of end of Iroquois confederacy
-British and Iroquois continued to fight over trade in Ohio valley
Revolution
Patroits advise native Americans to stay out of the way (most did.. some sided with British because they thought they could protect them from the patroits - limit settlement in western land)
Patroit victory meant increased westward movement which negatively impacted Native Americans
Erie Canal
1825
Connected Hudson River (NYC) to Lake Erie- land etc in Ohio and points west
Gold in California
Sutters Mill California 1848- Gold!
100,000 of people came looking for Gold
Railroad
-1869 Promontary- joining of transcontinental railroad
-US gov offered land and money loans to encourage more railroad developement
-moved settlers quickly into the west
Homestead Act
1862
Very small fee
160 acres of land
make improvements
live on it for 5 years
only 400,000 stayed on the land long enough to earn their claims
Mining
-Post Gold Rush lots of mining for different minerals in west
-cycle in mining town *individual prospectors *corporation
-Constock Code
Black Hills-Gold
Anacona Copper Mine (william clark montana)
Comstock Code
Henry Comstock
Gold and Silver
Nevada- had to import everything they needed
Ranching
-Mexican tradition of catthe ranching Texas
-open range
-1866 1st cattle drive from the range to the railroad head
-Most of the cattle died but they proved that this could be done
-Chisvolm trail: san Antonio, Texas to abilene, Kansas
-Cowboys: confederate army veterins.. many were african americans
Range wars
between farmers (who wanted fences) vs cattmen (open range)
Farming
1865-1900 farming becomes more international
Farming for profit not just for substence
1880 drought-bad for farmers
overproduction
led to failure of farm
many moved back east
farmers were mat at railroads- prices for transportation *banks- 10-25% interest rates *prices for goods too high
In the constitution
-regulate trade with indian tribes
Jefferson
Noble savages: unciviled but not inferior people
-help trives by giving them western education
1789 the northwest ordinance
said that as settlers moved west they were not allowed to take native americans land w/o their consent
Battle of Tippecannoe
william henry harrison (governor of indiana)
tecumsen and indian confederation
tecumsen was defeated and the confederation was over
1819 purchase of florida
Many native american tribes had fled to spanish controlled florida
Seminoles: 1)combination of tribes and escaped slaves 2)they would raid US and return to florida
Andrew Jackson led raid to put down seminoles
seminoles were moved on to a reservation after the purchase of florida from spain
In the constitution
-regulate trade with indian tribes
Jefferson
Noble savages: unciviled but not inferior people
-help trives by giving them western education
1789 the northwest ordinance
said that as settlers moved west they were not allowed to take native americans land w/o their consent
Battle of Tippecannoe
william henry harrison (governor of indiana)
tecumsen and indian confederation
tecumsen was defeated and the confederation was over
1819 purchase of florida
Many native american tribes had fled to spanish controlled florida
Seminoles: 1)combination of tribes and escaped slaves 2)they would raid US and return to florida
Andrew Jackson led raid to put down seminoles
seminoles were moved on to a reservation after the purchase of florida from spain
In the constitution
-regulate trade with indian tribes
Jefferson
Noble savages: unciviled but not inferior people
-help trives by giving them western education
1789 the northwest ordinance
said that as settlers moved west they were not allowed to take native americans land w/o their consent
Battle of Tippecannoe
william henry harrison (governor of indiana)
tecumsen and indian confederation
tecumsen was defeated and the confederation was over
1819 purchase of florida
Many native american tribes had fled to spanish controlled florida
Seminoles: 1)combination of tribes and escaped slaves 2)they would raid US and return to florida
Andrew Jackson led raid to put down seminoles
seminoles were moved on to a reservation after the purchase of florida from spain
1828 Cherokee Nation V. Georgia
Cherokee were unciviled tribe but adopted western
*farming, houseing, clothing, and education
*created a written language and published their own newspaper
When white settlers wanted their land the state of Georgia tride to take it from Cherokkes
Court ruled in favor of cherokees
1830 Indian Removal Act
President Andrew Jackson decreed that all Native AMericans still in the eastern part of the us should be removed west of the mississippi
1000's died on the "trail of tears"
Battle of Little Bighorn
Col George Armstrong Custer and 250 men killed by 4500 soux and Cheyanne
1887 Dawes Act
Each family 160 acres of land on the reservations
land owners had to stop traditional tribal practices and follow western style
estra reservation land could be sold to white settlers
a lot of native american culture was lost
many children were sent to boarding schools (live carsle to learn western way that they were expected to take back to the reservation)
Hopi (Allie)
- Chief Loloma cooperative with the US - his cooperation divide the Hopi nation
- very small reservation in the middle of Navajo Reservation - Navajo took most of Hopi Land
Nez Perce (Laura)
- Chief Joseph along with a small band of Nez Perice out ran the US government troops for 14,000 miles before
he surrendered
- they were running away because of a misunderstand between the tribe and the US government
Pueblo (Jackie)
US in Treaty of Guldalipe Hidalgo agreed to allow Pueblo to keep their land
Iroquois (Steffi)
lost land in New York State
- 1831- removed to Ohio
- 1865- removed to Oklahoma
Apache (Jordyn)
19th century Apache Wars
- 1886 - Geronmio - final armed conflict between Native Americans and US troops