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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what was the mother country of the 13 colonies?
england/brtian
jamestown
first permanent English settle ment; named after king James 1; charter to live like the british; virginia company started
joint stock company?
forerunner of modern day corporation - rasies money by selling stock
why did colonists go to new world?
wanted to find gold that spanish claimed was there
virginia company
colonists - same rights and privelages of english
what happened when colonists initally arrived in the new world?
many people died from diesease, starvation, malnutrition, and indian attacks
john smith
credit for saving colony, made peace with indians, took charge of colony; leader ship
"cannot eat unless you work'
pochohntas
the mediator - settled things between Smith and her father
tobacco
Brings prosperity to Jamestown; native plant;
who w he father of the tobacco industry?
John Rolhf
john Rolhf
father of tobacco industry; marries Pocohontas
what did colonists find out about tobacco?
it depleated the soil of nutrience; there was a lack of land so they started planting in graveyards
plantations
came about in early 1600s. needed slaves to work the fields. called 'servants'. the were african
who sold the slaves to the english?
the dutch
house of burgesses
colonists established in Virginia - mini parliament. representative assembly there to represent the people
What happens when King James feels that the House of Burgesses is a threat to his power?
Starts to despise Virginia; he revokes the charter of equality; now a royal colony directly under his control
after king james dies, who replaces him and hat does he do?
Charles 1 replaces him; he is autocratic and people dislike him for it; a civil war breaks out; King Charles defeated
who takes over the House of Burgesses?
the Cavaliers (aristocrats) with a lot of money. they start in aristocracy and the upperclass rules
where do the cavaliers settle when they come to the new world?
on the coast
where do the poor settle?
inward (back country people); class struggle;
war starts with indians and governemtn does not provide protection