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14 Cards in this Set

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brutal march of American and Filipino prisoners by Japanese soldiers in 1942
Bataan Death March
A set of international standards of conduct for treating prisoners of war, established in 1929
Geneva Convention
1942 WWII battle between American and Japanese aircraft
Battle of the Coral Sea
1942 WWII battle between the United States and Japan, a turning point in the war in the Pacific
Battle of Midway
1942-1943 WWII battle between the United States and Japan
Battle of Guadalcanal
A military strategy used during WWII that involved selectively attacking enemy-held islands and bypassing others
Island-hopping
1944 WWII naval battle between the United States and Japan
Battle of Leyte Gulf
In WWII, a japanese suicide plane
Kamikaze
1945 WWII battle between the United States and Japan
Battle of Iwo Jima
1945 WWII battle between the United States and Japan
Battle of Okinawa
Secret American project during WWII to develop an atomic bomb
Manhattan Project
(a) What were the benefits of "island hopping"?
By attacking specific enemy held islands and bypassing others, the U.S. cut off the bypassed islands from supplies and reinforcements, which made them useless to Japan. This helped Americans move quickly toward Japan.
(b) List three island or island groups in the order that they were captured by the U.S.
Guadalcanal, Solomon, Gilbert, Marshall, and Mariana islands.
Why did Truman decide to use the atomic bomb against Japan?
To prevent the further loss of American troops and to end the war.