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148 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The arrival of the first Native Americans in North America coincided with ?
THE BEGINNING OF THE LAST ICE AGE
Indians are descended from?
ASIANS
Paleo-Indians spread over the North American continent?
IN SMALL KINSHIP GROUPS
Among th Archaic Indians, men had primary responsibility for all of the following activities except
A)HUNTING
B)FISHING
C)TOOL MAKING
D)WAR
E)FARMING
FARMING
The Anasazi culture of the Southwest declined because of?
DROUGHT
Native American people practiced?
BOTH WAR AND DIPLOMACY
Cahokia was?
A POPULOUS MOUND CITY
The Pueblo Indians lived?
IN THE SOUTHWEST
In the period before 1492, most Europeans were?
PEASANT FARMERS
The nation that led in the Alantic exploration in the fifteenth century was?
PORTUGAL
The Renaissance furthered?
THE RISE OF LEARNING
The rise of the middle classes in Europe in the period before the Age of Discovery went hand in hand with?
THE EXPANSION OF THE CITIES
The Spanish empire in America was NOT based on?
THE IDEALISM OF THE CONQUISTADORES
In their explorations the CONQUISTADORES sought?
WEALTH
Which of the following was most responsible for the drastic decline of the Indian population after contact with the Europeans?
A)WAR
B)DEFORESTATION
C)SLAVERY
D)FAMINE
E)DISEASE
DISEASE
THE COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE PROVIDED WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING FOR EUROPEANS?
A)SMALLPOX
B)HORSES
C)GUNS
D)CORN
E)CATTLE
CORN
The treaty of Tordesillas?
divided ownership of the Americans between the Portuguese and the Spanish
The Reformation in Europe
was led by the Protestants
The Puritans wished to reform the Church of England by
purifying the church of Roman Catholic rituals
Samual de Champlain
established the French colony of Canada
Raleigh's purposes in founding the Roanoke colony did not include
A)PLACING A BARRIER TO SPANISH EXPANSION
B)TRADE WITH THE INDIANS
C)A HOME AWAY FROM HOME FOR THE SEA DOGS
D)FINDING GOLD
E)EXTERMINATION OF THE INDIANS
extermination of the Indians
Joint stock companies in England aided the colonization effort by
raising funds
The prosperity of the Chesapeake colonies resulted from
the cultivation of tobacco
Plymouth was settled by the
Pilgrams
In coming to America, the Pilgrams sought
religious freedom for themselves
The concept of a "city on a hill" referred to the Puritans desire to
be a model of Christianity
Harvard College was founded to train
ministers
New England local government was based on
towns
The first colony to practice some form of religious toleration was
Rhode Island
During the seventeenth century, the greatest extremes of inequality were found in
the west Indies
The most visible enviromental effect of English land use in the American colonies was
deforestation
After 1660, the English
established new colonies
Which of the following was NOT one of the middle colonies?
A)NEW YORK
B)NEW JERSEY
C)PENNSYLVANIA
D)MARYLAND
E)DELAWARE
MARYLAND
The Glorious Revolution in England resulted in the most violence in which American colony?
A) NEW YORK
B)MASSACHUSETTS
C)MARYLAND
D)PENNSYLVANIA
E)SOUTH CAROLINA
NEW YORK
The colony that had a black majority in the eighteenth century was
South Carolina
Which of the following was NOT a major cause of increasing colonial population?
A)NATURAL INCREASE
B)GERMAN IMMIGRATION
C)INTERMARRIAGE WITH THE INDIANS
D)HEALTHY CONDITIONS IN NEW ENGLAND
E)ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY IN THE MIDDLE COLONIES
INTERMARRIAGE WITH THE INDIANS
Woman and men in the colonies
generally worked separate from one another
Colonial cities in the eighteenth century
increase in population
Which of the following groups of colonists did not live ethnic enclaves?
A)THE DUTCH
B)THE INDIANS
C)THE GERMANS
D)THE ENGLISH
E)THE FRENCH
THE ENGLISH
Benjamin Franklin
believed in improvement of living conditions
In the Great Awakening
some congregations split into two opposing camps
The French and Indian War
gained the British control of Canada
The Albany Plan of Union
was intended to enable the colonies to work together during the French and Indian War
The reason why the British defeated the French in the French and Indian War was that
1. the French could not resupply themselves
2.the British controlled the seas
3. the Indians decided the neutrality
4. the colonist and British cooperated
George Grenville's plan to "reform" the colonies would have
forced the colonies to obey the Navigation Acts
Because of the Proclamation of 1763
some Americans began to see a conspiracy in Britain against American liberty
In the stamp tax controversy, Patrick Henry
persuaded the Virginia legislature to adopt resolution of protest
Samual Adam was an important Whig leader because
he had written treatises on government that opposed tyranny
The committees of correspondence
allowed the Whigs in Massachusetts to communicate with leaders in other colonies
The so-called Coercive Acts of 1774
shut the port of Boston
In 1774, the protesting Americans blamed the social crisis on
corruption in England
Which of the following is true of the loyalist?
A)THEY WERE THE WEALTHIEST AMERICANS
B)THEY WERE ABOUT 20 PERCENT OF THE POPULATION
C)THEIR STRENGTH GREW AFTER 1776
D)THEY REJECTED CATHOLICISM AND SLAVERY
E)THEY ALL FLED TO BRITIAN
THEY WERE ABOUT 20 PERCENT OF THE POPULATION
Which of the following people would most likely be revolutionary in 1776?
a)the royal govenor
b)a roman catholic canadian
c)a quacker
d) a hurin Indian
e) a Massachusetts merchant
a Massachusetts merchant
During the war, Americans were victorious at all of the following battles except
a) trenton
b)princeton
c)saratoga
d)long island
e)yorktown
Long Island
All of the following states either ended slavery or arranged for its gradual dissolution between 1776 and 1804 except
a) new york
b)pennsylvania
c)massachusetts
d)maryland
e)new hampshire
maryland
Which of the following was NOT a difficulty the British faced prosecuting the war?
1)american privateers
2)supplying the troops in america
3)wear and tear on the navy
4) the cost of the war
5) a shortage of trained soldiers
a shortage of trained soldiers
Revolutionary society was marked by
little improvement of womans conditions
all the new state government incorporated the basic principle of
republicanism
In the Federal Constitution of 1787
a system of duel sovereignty was erected
By the 1780,s, the agriculture of the South was producing significant quanities of
cotton
President George Wahington's leadership style is best described as
deference to Congress on domestic issues and strong leadership on foreign policy
The leading domestic policymaker in Washington's administration was
Alexander Hamilton
Hamilton's plan for improving the financial status of the new nation included all EXCEPT
1) A NATIONAL BANK
2)EXCISE TAXES
3)FUNDING THE NATIONAL DEBT
4)EXPANSION TO THE WEST
5)ASSUMPTION OF STATE DEBTS
expansion to the west
The first rebellion against the federal government occured in
the Whiskey Rebellion
The most important administrative agency set up by William and Mary to run the colonies was
the Board of Trade
Which of the following groups had the least to do cwith the day to day administration of local government in the colonies?
the colonial courts
Colonial legislature and royal governors contested
control of revenue
introduction of legislation
choice of the speaker of the assembly
land grants
The person least likely to be a follower of the Republican Party in 1796 would have been
a New England minister
Thomas Jefferson believed that the most vigilant and virtuos citizens were
educated yeomen farmers
What constitutional principle was established in Marbury vs Madison (1803)?
The Supreme Court could review federal status for for their constitutionality
British Impressment involved
seizure of sailors from American ships
Which region of the country strenuously opposed the embargo Act of 1808?
New England
The United States declared war on Britain in 1812 for all the following reasons EXCEPT
1) THE DESIRE TO SEIZE CANDADA
2)THE DESIRE TO GAIN TRADE RIGHTS IN THE WEST INDIES
3)BRITIAN'S VIOLATION OF AMERICA'S TIGHTS AS A NEUTRAL NATION
4) THE DEMANDS OF THE WAR HAWKS
5) THE DESIRE TO HELP FRANCE WIN THE WAR IN EUROPE
THE DESIRE TO HELP FRANCE WIN THE WAR IN EUTROPE
One reason why New England became the country's first industrial region was because
it had a surplus of cheap labor
A major difference between the New England "putting out" or cottage textile industry and the corporate textile factories of Waltham and Lovell was not
the demand for high moral standards among the workers
BETWEEN 1840 AND 1860, RAILROADS IN aMERICA
SPREAD ALL OVER THE EASTERN U.S
Among the preconditions of the spread of elite culture in middle period America, one should not include
the invention of the camera
In the antebellum period, middle-class woman joined
charitable orginizations, literary clubs, the temperance movement and evangelical churches
According to the doctrine of "separate spheres"
middle class woman and men agreed to "separate but equal doctrine"
Which of the following was a reason for the decline in birthrate among antebellum white woman?
Abstinence and contraception
The Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments called for
civil rights for woman
Reformism in the middle period of America history
often revolved around the personality of a powerful or aharismatic leader
Abolotionist were
opposed to slavery
One of the consequences of abolitionist agitation was
a fortress-like mentality in the south
The members of the Oneida Community
renounced private property
The section of the country most opposed to tariffs in the 1820s and 1830s were
the southeast
The reason for Andrew Jackson's popularity was
his reputation as a general
his success as a planter
his personal appearance
his views on Indians
The theory that a state may override a federal law is called
nullification
Removing officials from the other party and replacing them with those from your own party in the Jacksonian period was called
the spoils system
In the nullification crisis
John C Calhoun developed the doctrine of compact theory of union
In the 1840's and 1850's, the most numerous immigrant group was
the irish
Slavery in the antebellum South
allowed some slaves to advance to skilled positions in the economy
The law of slavery in the antebellum South had its origin in
the law of Barbados
Slavery as an economic system owed it continuing strength to all but one of the following conditions:
1) the cost of labor
2)the demand for cotton
3)the sale of slaves
4)the absence of free labor in the South
5)the ability of slaves to work in skilled crafts
the absence of free labor in the South
Most slaves responded to their condition with
the attempt to establish families and control their time and space
All woman in the south
suffered legal and economic disabilities
The basic difference between the south and the north in the antebellum period was that
slavery flourished in the south and was barred by law in the north
The Mexican-American War
led to the occupation of California by American troops
As used in middle period political discussions "manifest destiny" meant that
God had ordained that the United States should and would expand to cover the continents
Northern "free soilers" were united in
oppisition to spread of slavery in the territories
Which of the following was part of the Compromise of 1850?
1)THE ADMISSION OF uTAH AS A STATE
2)THE ORGANIZATION OF THE KANSAS TERRITORY ACCORDING TO THE DOCTRINE OF POPULAR SOVERIEIGNTY
3)THE END OF SLAVERY IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
4)A STRONG FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW
5) THE ADMISSION OF TEXAS AS A SLAVE STATE
A STRONG FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW
Which of the following was NOT true of the fugitive Slave Act of 1850
1) it provided the recapture and rendition of suspected runaways without a jury trial
2) it laid open abettors of fugitive slaves to federal prosecution
3) it ended federal protection of slavery
4)it led directly to the writing of uncle toms cabin
5) it brought slavery home to ordinary people in the north
it ended federal prosecution of slavery
The date 1854 was significant in the history of American sectionalism
The Kansas-Nebraska Act was proposed
The term popular sovereignty" referred to
allowing residents of a territory the right to choose or reject slavery
Personal liberty laws in the North in the 1850's
hampered enforcement of the fugitive slave law of 1850
The U.S diplomats at Ostend called for the annexation of
Cuba
The new replubican party of the 1850's drew support from all except
1)northern democrats
2)know-nothings
3)northeern whigs
4)free soilers
5)southern democrats
southern democrats
The main issue on which all Republicans agreed was
free soil
The self inflicted wound in the 1850's was
the Dred Scott decision
The political party that emerged the strongest from the collapse of the second party system was
the republican party
John Brown's raid at Harper's Ferry
aroused Southern fire-eaters
The basic reason the civil war occurred was because
leaders in both the north and south were unable to deal with the issue of the expansion of slavery
After they won the election of 1860 and the deep south had begun to secede from the union, the republicans rejected compromise because they
believed that moderate southerners would eventually gain control of the situation
The election of 1860 was a last straw for the south because
no one in the south could be sure of what Lincoln or the republicans would do
The upper south seceded when Lincoln
called for 75,000 militiamen to put down rebellion
The union and confederate armies were largely composed of
volunteers
The most effective way that the North and South found to finance the war was to
print money
The Union was more politically unified than the confederacy because
the republicans put aside their differences to support the war effort
The civil war was the first modern war because
it relied upon new technologies
The anaconda was
the blockade of the confederacy by the us navy
During much of the war, the eastern theater of battle was marked by
stalemate
During the civil war. slaves
ran to union lines when they could
The Emancipation Proclamation
freed slaves in areas in rebellion
At the battle of Gettyburg
the union army defeated the confederate army
The most difficult objective for union armed forces proved to be
the taking of Richmond
After 1863, Lincoln refused to exchange prisoners of war with the confederacy unless it
included black troops
Northern morale dipped sharply after
Grant's Virginia campaign in the spring of 1864
The thirteenth amendment
made slavery unconstitutional
The most difficult question the union faced during reconstruction was
the treatment of ex slaves in the south
The 10 percent plan
would have quickly restored the union
Andrew Johnson
was a southern democrat
The black codes enacted by southern states under presidential reconstruction
denied freedmen basic rights
The moderate and radical wings of the republican party reunited when president Johnson vetoed
the extension of the freedmans bureau
The reconstruction of act of 1867
divided the south into military districts
radical republicans favored
legal equality for blacks
the 15th admendment
said that no one could be denied the right to vote on basis of race or color
Biracial government during reconstuction meant that
blacks were able for the first time to engage in self-government in the south
Most carpetbaggers came south to
engage in business
the new south referred to the idea that
busibessmen would dominate southern life
For the ex slaves, freedom first meant
the ability to search for and reunite with family members
The most important spokesmen for the free black communities in the south were
ministers
The ku klux klan was
a terrorist orginization
in sharecropping
sharecroppers borrowed seed and paid with portion of their crops
President Grant proved himself
a poor judge of character
The credit mobilizer was
a corrupt scheme in which government officials took payoffs for giving out constuction contracts
redemption referred to
white southerners regaining control of state government
Rutherford B Hayes backers promised all but the following to the democrats after the 18876 election
1)reduction of federal military role in the south
2)internal improvements for the south
3)appointment of southeners to federal post
4)support for redemption
5)higher taxes in the north
higher taxes in the north
The beginning of Jim Crow in the south meant that
public facilities would be segregated by race