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65 Cards in this Set

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Columbian Exhange
phrase used by historians; refers to the movement across the Atlantic of people, animals, plants, and microorganismc-voluntary and involuntary
What were the motives for exploration and colonization?
-economic: trade~India, precious metals
-religious conversions:Christianity
-political: land = power
Christopher Columbus
-1492
-began the establishment of European colonization
Glorification of Christopher Columbus includes...
-enslavement
-his crew totally supported him
-motive only inculded pure curiousity(inspired by the Renaisannce and humanism)
"Real" reasons for Columbus' voyage
-economic gain
-expansion of Christianity
"Black Legend"
myth that Spanish treatment was fair towards the Native Americand in contrast to the English
~Spain was actually worse
French settlement
-1700
-by way of the NW pasage and the St. Lawerence River
-failure to get profits, build forts instead
-married Indigenous women
Huguenots
religious minority that wanted to colonize for religious freedom
Roanoke
-1580s
-under Elizabeth I
-first private settlement premitted by England
Reasons for Roanoke's failure
-no man power
-no active support
-everyone wanted to be closer to home
1607
Jamestown, Cheasapeake Bay region, and Maryland established
John Smith
-organized the people(forces manual labor)
-started tobacco trade(very profitable) yet plantations are diffused b/c tobacco soaks a lot of nutrients
Indentured servitude
involutary labor, contract that pays for the passage and the worker must work until he pays off that debt
*incentive= oppurtunity to own land
House of Burgesses established
1619
1624
Charters no longer permitted; colonies now governed by England reprensentatives
Mayflower Compact
community would be governed by laws that citizens agreed to
Maryland
-1634
-began Anglican vs. Catholicism
-proprietary colony
-wanted to provide haven for Catholics
Puritans
-extreme believers that God had pre-destination for everyone
-contrary to belief: obsessed and fanatical spiritual leaders
-wanted to reform the Anglican Church from its Catholic traditions
Pilgrims
Separtists
-1628
-John Winthrop
-refuge for Puritans
Massachusetts
John Winthrop
-head of Puritan movement: Great Migration
-"city upon the hill"-epitome way of life
exceptionalism
that a community is like no other communities in the way that they live
ex. New england will have different econ. base that Cheasapeake b/c of different weather and soil
Roger Williams
-associated w/ religious toleration: derives their faith in the way he/she could
-called for "separation of church and state"
Anne Hutchinson
-antinomianism: an individual has the priveledge to communicate to God directly by prayer
-expelled as a threat
King Phillip's War
-1675
-resist the conquering of Indian lands
-half the towns destroyed
-but not successful: no support, english weapons were better
Bacon's Rebellion
-against governor of virginia(Berkeley) b/c of lack or support of the frontier/ poor farmer, and created a bad gov't
-african slavery started immediately after
Nathaniel Bacon
-led the rebellion
-took over gov't after gov't dissaproved
-with his death, the uprising ended
Mercantilism
dominant idea of the way european gov't controlled the colonies
Navagation Act
all goods imported and exported to England had to be shipd on their own boats
-taxes on foreign goods, colonies served as markets
Dominion of New England
-1685
-King James II reigned
-eliminated the charters to create
-enforces Navi. Act and increased more rules and taxes
Glorious Revolution
-1688
-overthrown King James II
-inspired Leisler's-New york; Coodes's-Maryland
1689
Bill of rights established
John Locke
-"Second Treatise on Civil Gov't"
-every persn gives up right to protects others;citizens have the right to change and overthrow gov't
1692
Salem Witch trials
^1697
Royal African Co. were the only company to sell slaves to Eng. colonies
Views on African Slavery
-not condemned in the Bible
-better off
-civilizing
- giving them salvation
Stono Rebellion
-1739
-slave rebellion not sucessful
New England
New Hampshire, Conneticut,Massachusetts, Rhode Island
Southern Colonies
Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia
Middle colonies
Pennsylvania, Maryland, New York, New Jersey, Delaware
-1607
-John Smith
-commercial venture
Virginia(JAmestown)
-1613
-Peter Stuyvesant
-commercial venture
New york(amsterdam)
-1620
-William Bradford
-refuge for separtists
Plymouth
-1636
-Roger Williams
Rhode Island
-1681
-William Penn
-refuge for quakers
Pennsylvania
-1638
-William Penn
-commercial venture
Delaware
1600s
-Scientific revolution
-Deism: God doesnt interfere with worldly affairs
-natural laws
Enlightnenment
-1700s
-religious revivals
-Jonathan Edwards;George Whitefield
-old lights vs. new lights
First Great Awakening
Salutary Neglect
Parliament did not interfere with colonial gov't; left colonies in political isolation
Wars of Empire
-1607-1763
-wars b/t France and Britain
-french and english wanted Ohio valley
-virginia fights;loses
-Washington returnds w/ British army; loses
-William pitt:captures Quebec
-1763:treaty of paris
French/Indian War
Views Of French/Indian War
-England:colonies didnt help
-Colonies: couldnt do it w/o them
-Indians:fear and pressure
Proclomation line
line across App. mts to stop colonies from spreading into Indian lands
Daniel Boone
crossed proclomation line
George Grenville
found ways to cut costs of the empire and give to colonies
Sugar Act
1764
Stamp Act
1765
Repeal of Stamp act
1766
Townshend Act
1767
Boston Massacre
1770
Committees of correspondence
-keep colonies informed
-1772
Gaspee`
1772
1773
-PArliament passes tea act
-Boston tea party
Intolerable Acts
First Continental Congress
1774
-Battles at Lexington and Concord
-Second Continental COngress
1775