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7 Cards in this Set

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Describe and explain the background, issues, terms and consequences of the Compromise of 1850
•background-newly won mexican territories, and the question as to whether or not they should be admitted as free states, Wilmot Proviso, Popular sovereignty
•issues-admission of california, texas' boundaries, DC slave trade, fugitive slaves
•terms-admit CA as a free state, but allow other southwest territories to have no restrictions on slavery; require TX to relinquish claims on NM, but assume its preannexation debt;abolish slave trade in DC, but enact a harsher fugitive slave law
•consequences-southerners felt they got nothing out of it except the fugitive slave Act, which when northerners protested it violently, infuriated the southerners and moved them closer to secession
Describe and explain how and why the conflicts surrounding the fugitive slave act of 1850, the Kansas-Nebraska Act, and the Dred Scott decision threatened the national unity of the US
•Fugitive Slave Act-while southerners felt that this was the only concession given them in the compromise of 1850, northerners found themselves forced to either act as or assist in slave capturing, this infuriated them into a backlash, including the assault on Federal Marshals in Boston in which northerners stole away a fugitive slave named Shadrach and placed him on the underground RR. This confirmed southern beliefs that northerners sought a bloody slave rebellion
•Kansas-Neb. Act-When KS and Neb. were allowed to form states according to popular sovereignty, it caused an upheaval in the north where no one wanted slavery to be allowed to spread. Southerners so needed another slave state and northerners were so determined against one that both sides sent settlers to lay claim and form a constitution, this led to the events of Bloody KS, bushwackers from MO swarming the ballots, the raid on and burning of lawrence, and the massacre led by John Brown in which 5 were murdered. These events confirmed the northern belief that southerners were cruel barbarians, and the southern belief that the north wanted bloody rebellion.
•The Dred Scott decision-Roger Taney found that blacks had no constitutional rights as they were not citizens-which infuriated several northerners who had lived next to free blacks for many years, and denied congresses right to make slavery illegal in any territory (which meant that the Missouri Compromise had been unconstitutional).This led Northerners to believe that they had no way to halt the growth of slavery, and made them even more distrustful to the south
Describe and explain the background, issues, terms and consequences of the Compromise of 1850
•background-newly won mexican territories, and the question as to whether or not they should be admitted as free states, Wilmot Proviso, Popular sovereignty
•issues-admission of california, texas' boundaries, DC slave trade, fugitive slaves
•terms-admit CA as a free state, but allow other southwest territories to have no restrictions on slavery; require TX to relinquish claims on NM, but assume its preannexation debt;abolish slave trade in DC, but enact a harsher fugitive slave law
•consequences-southerners felt they got nothing out of it except the fugitive slave Act, which when northerners protested it violently, infuriated the southerners and moved them closer to secession
How and why had the US moved to the brink of Civil war between 1858 and 1861? Was the war inevitable?
•Addition of KS as a free state in 1861?
•Brown's attack on Harper's Ferry in 10/16/1861
•Lincoln's election in 1860 and republican strength
•Secession of lower southern 7 states in winter of 1860-61
Slavery was the fundamental issue leading to the civil war and remained a key issue during the war. Explain the background, purpose and results of the Emancipation Proclamation. How was slavery disintegrating during the war? How did the use of black troops alter the course of the war? What did all of these wartime elements indicate about the future of slavery in the United States?
•Background of EP-Though Lincoln thought that slavery was morally wrong, his goal in the war was simply to maintain the unity of the US. His final decision to free the slaveswas a tough one because he did not want to lose the few slave states that remained on the Union side.
•Purpose of EP-Lincoln had found that runaway slaves on the Union side (contrabands of war)were an asset. He also wanted toprove to southerners that he they were still under US control, and wanted to shake their moral
•Results of EP-Many slave fled the south and joined union forces. Northerners were no longer unwilling to fight next to blacks.
•Slavery disintegration-slaves were left under the rule of women, who were physically weaker,with the lack of food and overseers the roles of slaves changed. Slaves became less obediant as they saw their chances at freedom grow.
•Black troops-extra manpower, made many realize that blacks were couragous, honorable, and relaible, built up a comradship between whites and blacks
•future of slavery-none, after the events of the civil war many had ran away, or learned to be less obediant. If slavery hadn't been abolished would have died out
Describe and explain why the British lost and Americans won the Revolutionary war. Cite key military battles as well as other factors.
•Britain had a superior navy, army and war financing
•Patriot's cause was more important to them-fought for freedom from distant tyrants and human rights; Britain fought only to retain power over their lands
•Patriots had a strong leader(Washington) who new how to establish respect and confidence-knew when to retreat, and when to fight easy battles to raise morale (retreated in thick fog across the Potomac when facing defeat and attacked Hessians at Trenton to secure an easy victory)
•Though there were many loyalists who sought to remain under british rule, however, british soldiers often left loyalists to the mercy of angry patriots and therefore did not use this obvious advantage
•British soldiers were in a foreign land, and supplies and reinforcements took month to arrive because of the distance from their homeland
•General Burgoyne traveled through New York at an incredibly slow pace because of the numerous needed supplies and 30 trunks of the Generals personal belongings. Because of this slow travel, farmers were able to fell trees in the way of the troops, which caused the british to lose a month hacking away at the trees. When reinforcements didn't show patriots attacked and eventually forced Burgoyne to surrender.
•American alliance in with France was the key to victory. The french helped to secure the surrender of Cornwallis in Yorktown, which brought the war to an end
Shay's rebellion
Massachusettes wanted to retire the state debt by raising taxes and insisting that they be paid in hard money, not paper.
Farmers in western Mass found it hard to pay and sherriffs often confiscated property and put tax delinquents in jail.
The farmers formed conventions and circulated petitions demanding tax reductions, paper money, and debt relief legislation.
In the fall of 1786 2500 armed men led by Daniel Shays marched on the courthouses in 3 western Mass counties
The governor finally formed a volunteer army of 4,000 to stop the rebellion. 4 Rebels were killed and 20 were wounded.
Finally a thousand rebels were arrested and lost their rights to vote, hold public office, work as a schoolmaster, or operate taverns