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43 Cards in this Set

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Scott v. Sanford
AKA: Dred Scott case. Supreme Court holds that slaves are not citizens and therefore not entitled to the rights of citizens.
13th Amendment
Abolishes slavery.
14th Amendment
Guarantees citizenship to all persons born/naturalized in the United States. Prohibits the states from making laws removing rights of citizens.
15th Amendment
Suffrage for all races (males only).
Civil Rights Act of 1866
Gives African Americans full equality before the law.
Enforcement Act of 1870
Criminal sanctions for those interfering with others' right to vote.
Civil Rights Act of 1872
AKA: Anti-Ku Klux Klan Act. Criminalizes deprivation of individual rights, privileges, and immunities.
Second Civil Rights Act (1875)
Declares that everyone is entitled to full and equal enjoyment of public facilities.
The Civil Rights Cases
Invalidates 1875 Civil Rights Act. Allows private discrimination (as opposed to official discrimination).
Plessy v. Ferguson
Creates the "separate but equal" doctrine.
Smith v. Allwright
Prohibits white primaries.
Grandfather clause
Gives only people whose grandfathers could vote the right to vote.
24th Amendment
Eliminates poll taxes.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
Supreme Court states that segregation violates the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment.
Brown v. Board of Education
Supreme Court declares that lower courts must desegregate schools.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Outlaws any discrimination based on race, religion, gender, or ethnicity.
Voting Rights Acts of 1965
Outlaws discriminatory voter-registration tests.
Civil Rights Acts of 1968
Forbids discrimination in most housing.
Declaration of Sentiments
Declaration approved at the Seneca Falls convention that began the mainstream women's rights movement.
Dothard v. Rawlinson
Fire and police departments cannot set arbitrary requirements (such as height and wright req.) that discourage women from joining.
Arizona v. Norris
Life insurance companies cannot charge different rates for men and women.
United Automobile Workers v. Johnson Controls, Inc.
Prohibits companies from forcing capable women to choose between having a child and having a job in dangerous workplaces.
Faragher v. City of Boca Raton
Holds employer accountable for employees' harassing behavior.
Burlington Industries v. Ellerth
Holds employer accountable for employees' harassing behavior.
Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services, Inc.
Holds employer accountable for employees' harassing behavior.
Equal Pay Act of 1963
Requires equal pay for substantially equal work.
Regents of the University of California v. Bakke
Allows race to be a factor in college admissions but it may not be the sole factor (such as in quota systems).
Adarand Constructors Inc. v. Peña
A discriminatory law or action must be proven to have compelling government interest and must be changed or dropped when that interest is achieved.
Gratz v. Bollinger
Strikes down the University of Michigan's affirmative action program, which awards a substantial amount of points to minority applicants.
Grutter v. Bollinger
Approves the University of Michigan law school's affirmative action program, which takes race into consideration as part of a complete examination.
Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967
Prohibits age discrimination unless age is a qualification necessary to the normal operation of the business.
Rehabilitation Act of 1973
Prohibits federally-funded programs from discriminating against persons with disabilities.
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
Requires public buildings and services to be accessible to persons with disabilities.
Sutton v. United Airlines, Inc.
Correctable conditions are not considered disabilities under the Americans with Disabilities Act.
Boy Scouts of America v. Dale
Allows private organizations to discriminate based on sexuality.
Lawrence v. Texas
Invalidates all sodomy laws.
Romer v. Evans
Invalidates Colorado amendment that invalidated laws protecting homosexuals.
Baehr v. Lewin
Hawaiian Supreme Court rules that denying marriage licenses to homosexual couples might violate the equal protection clause of the Hawaiian State Constitution.
Defense of Marriage Act of 1996
Bans federal recognition of same-sex marriages and does not require states to recognize same-sex marriages performed in other states.
In re Gault
Children are entitled to counsel in criminal cases.
Wisconsin v. Yoder
The Bill of Rights applies to children.
26th Amendment
Voting age is set at 18.
Kingsley v. Kingsley
A Florida child terminates his relationship with his parents with his own privately retained legal counsel.