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23 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
When did the First Continental Congress meet?
September 1774
When did the Second Continental Congress meet?
May 1775 after the battles of Lexington and Concord
When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
July 4, 1776 by the Second Continental Congress
Under the Articles of Confederation adopted by the Second Continental Congress, the national government consisted of a _______ legislature.
unicameral
Under the Articles, Congress lacked powers to _______
tax; regulate interstate and foreign trade; raise an army on its own
The need for a stronger national government was aired in 1786 at the _______ _______.
Annapolis Convention
_______ _______ , a revolt of debtor farmers in western Massachusetts, made the shortcomings of the Articles clear.
Shay's Rebellion
The _______ _________ was a proposal by James Madison and supported by the large states. It called for a bicameral (two-house) legislature.
Virginia Plan
The ______ ________ _________ was supported by the small states and kept the one-house legislature with powers expanded to include raising revenue and regulating commerce.
New Jersey Plan
The ________ __________ provided that seats in the House of Representatives be according to state population and elected directly by the people and each state be allowed two seats in the Senate chosen by their legislatures.
Great Compromise or Connecticut Compromise
________ means the division of power between the national government and the states.
Federalism
The longest article in the Constitution which vests legislative power in the Senate and the House of Representatives. Describes the organization and powers given and denied to Congress.
Article I
Specific powers given to Congress
enumerated or delegated
Clause which allows Congress to make laws needed to carry out its enumerated powers.
necessary and proper clause or elastic clause
This article deals with the executive branch and describes the election of the president and vice president, the qualifications for holding the office, and the procedures if a president can no longer serve.
Article II
This article established the Supreme Court and authorizes Congress to establish lower federal courts. Also the right to trial by jury.
Article III
This article requires that the legislative and judicial actions of one state be honored by other states.
Article IV
This article describes the process for amending the Constitution.
Article V
This article describes the supremacy clause: the Constitution, the laws of the United States, and treaties entered into by the U.S. are the supreme law of the land.
Article VI
This article states that the approval by conventions of nine of the states was required to ratify the Constitution
Article VII
Those who favored the strong national government provided for in the Constitution
Federalists
Those who believed that the Constitution gave too much power to the central government and left the states with too little
Antifederalists
A type of government in which the power is divided between the national government and other governmental units
Federalism