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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the presiding officer of the House of Representatives, chosen by and from the majority party in the House
Speaker of the House
the presiding officer of a senate; in congress, the vice president of the U.S.; in a states legislature, either the lieutenant governor or a senator
President of the Senate
the member of the U.S. senate, or of the upper house of a State's legislature, chosen to preside in the absence of the president of the Senate
President Pro Tempre
a closed meeting of a party's house or Senate members; also called a party conference
Party Cacaus
Members of the house and senate picked by their parties to carry out party decisions and steer legislative action to meet party goals
Floor Leader
assistants to the floor leaders in the house and senate, responsible for monitoring and marshalling voting
member who heads a standing committee in a legislative body
committee chairman
unwritten rule in both houses of Congress reserving the top posts in each chamber, particularly committee chairmanships, for members with the longest records of service
senority rule
permanent committee in a legislative body to which bills in a specified subject-matter area are referred
standing committee
legislative committee created for a limited time and for some specific purpose; also known as a special committee
selective committee
legislative committee composed of members of both houses
joint committee
temporary joint committee created to reconcile any differences between the two houses' versions of a bill
confrence committee
a proposed law presented to a legislative body for consideration
a proposal for action that has the force of law when passed; usually deals with special circumstances or temporary matters
joint resolution
a statement of position on an issue used by the house and senate acting jointly; does not have the force of law and does not require the presidents signature
concurent resolution
a measure relating to the business of either house, or expressing an opinion; does not have the force of law and does not require the presidents signature
a procedure enabling members to force a bill that has been pigeonholed in committee onto the floor for consideration
discharge petition
division of existing committee that is formed to address specific issues
a committee that consists of an entire legislative body; used for a procedure in which a legislative body expedites its business by resolving itself into a committee of itself
Committee of the Whole
least number of members who must be present for a legislative body to conduct business; majority
to print a bill in its final form
various tactics (usually long speeches) aimed at defeating a bill in a legislative body by preventing a final vote; associated with the U.S. Senate
procedure that may be used to limit or end floor debate in a legislative body
chief executives power to reject a bill passed by a legislature; literally "I Forbid"
type of veto a chief executive may use after a legislature has adjourned; when the chief executive does not sign or reject a bill within the time allowed to do so
pocket veto