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15 Cards in this Set

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Areas the framers agreed upon
The framers agreed upon many issues:
- A new national government, a federal government had to be created and had to have the powers necessary to deal with the nation's grave social and economic problems
- The concepts of poular sovereignty and limited Govt.
- The principles of seperation of powers and check/ballences
The great compromise
also known as the connecticut compromise stated congress would be comprised of 2 houses. In the senate the states would be represented equally. In the house votes would be based on population.
Articles 1, 2 & 3
Article 1- legislative powers
Article 2- executive powers
Article 3- Judicial powers
Three Branches of Govt.
Legislative Branch- congress. House of representatives will be elected every 2 years must be 25 years direct vote. senate every 6 years must be 30 years old direct vote.
Executive branch- President 4 years must be 35 elected by electoral college
Judicial Branch- Judges elected for life by congress and president
How government affects your life
- regulates commerce
- collects taxes
- make and enforce laws
- takes the nation to war
3 levels of Government
local government- visible mainly in the form of day to day services that keep the comunities going
State government- in structure is very similar to the federal govt
Federal government- A form of government in which powers are divided between a central government and several local governments
Bill of rights
1. Freedom of religion speech, press and the right to assemble/protest
2. the right to bear arms
4. no arrest or search and seizure without a warrent
5. right to a fair trial infront of a jury, Not to incriminate one's self and no double jepordy
6. right to a speedy and public trial right to an attorney, right to be informed of charges
8. forbids cruel and unusual punishment
-two later amendments-
13. abolishes slavery
19. gives women the right to vote
The constitution
The constitution sets out the basic principles upon which government in the united states was built and operates today
Taxes
local
State
federal
Taxes- a charge levied by government on persons or property to meet public needs
Federal- income tax
state & local- property and transaction taxes
The constitutional convention
12 of te 13 states sent 55 delegates to philly. they were known as the framers. Colectively the men were of wide knowledge & public experience.
Separation of powers, checks and balances
The constitution splits up the power among 3 branches so thata no one gets too powerful
ex: Judicial branch may declare acts of congress unconstitutional
The executive branch may veto legislation
The legislative branch may impeach presidents
Articals of confederation
The articles of confederation was a congress made up of delagates from each state. a "firm leauge of friendship"
weaknesses were
one vote for each state regardless of population
congress was basiclly powerless
there was no executive or judicial branch
Amendments could only happen with the concent of all states
and bills needed a 9/13 majority
Areas the framers agreed upon
The framers agreed upon many issues:
- A new national government, a federal government had to be created and had to have the powers necessary to deal with the nation's grave social and economic problems
- The concepts of poular sovereignty and limited Govt.
- The principles of seperation of powers and check/ballences
Areas the framers agreed upon
The framers agreed upon many issues:
- A new national government, a federal government had to be created and had to have the powers necessary to deal with the nation's grave social and economic problems
- The concepts of poular sovereignty and limited Govt.
- The principles of seperation of powers and check/ballences
Areas the framers agreed upon
The framers agreed upon many issues:
- A new national government, a federal government had to be created and had to have the powers necessary to deal with the nation's grave social and economic problems
- The concepts of poular sovereignty and limited Govt.
- The principles of seperation of powers and check/ballences