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25 Cards in this Set

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Party column ballot
method of voting in which all candidates are listed under their party designations, making it easy for voters to cast votes for all the candidates of one party
Straight ticket
voting for all of one party’s candidates
Office block ballot
method of voting in which all candidates are listed under the office for which they are running
Split ticket
voting for some of one’s party’s candidates and some form another party
Soft money
money contributed to a state or local political party for party-building purposes that are unlimited. Once transferred to the state parties its expenditure is often undisclosed.
Issue advocacy
promoting a particular position on an issue, often funded by interest groups and designed to influence voters’ choices on election day. Its is unlimited and undisclosed
Party Caucus
meeting of the members of a party in a legislative chamber to select party leadership and discuss party policy called a conference by Republicans
Redistricting
the redrawing of congressional and other legislative district lines following the census, to accommodate population shifts and keep districts as equal as possible in populations. Also called reapportionment
Two-party state
A state in which the two major parties alternate I winning majorities
One- party state
A state in which one party wins all or nearly all the offices and the other party receive only a small proportion of the popular vote.
Closed primary
a primary in which only persons registered in the party holding the primary may vote.
Crossover voting
a member of one party is voting for a member of another party.
Open primary
a primary in which any voter, regardless of party, may vote
Blanket primary
a primary open to all voters, who may vote for candidates from any party for each office
Turnout
the proportion of the voting-age public that votes
Disclosure
a requirement that candidates specify where the money came from to finance their campaign
State Supreme Court
7 members, highes of state courts, members must be appointed by the governor and approved by legislature, appointed life term, Handles appeals directly from trial courts in cases involving the death penalty, civil cases when the trial court's decision passes on the validity of a state or federal law, a treaty , or a provision of the state or federal constitution.
District of Appeals
made up of 5 districts, more than 50 judges, may issue writs of mandamus, certiorari, prohibition, quo warranto, and habeas corpus
Circuit Courts
states higest trial court, 20 judicial circuits, 6 years terms, handles civil actions $2,500 and more
County Courts
handles misdemoner cases, civil action cases less than $2,500 1 county court judge for each county, 6 year term
Intiatives
citzens may start a local law that admendment and place the issue into a ballet
Refredum
A yes or no vote voters approve or disapprove of an innitiative or other action of local and state gov
Recall
citzens by intitiaves and refredum remove a local or state official from office before his or her term is over
Non partisian
A local or judicial election in which canidates are not selected or endorced by political parties
gerrymandaring
the frawing of election district boundaries to benifit a party, group, or incumbent