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108 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Deliberately established for particular end by influencing behavior
Formal Organization
Obedience to an order or request
Ability to obtain compliance for material resources (working for money)
Remunerative power
Symbolic rewards that leaders manipulate through ritual (handing rewards)
Normative Power
Ability to get compliance by force or threat
Coercive power
Management support inmate reports to only one supervisor
Unity of command
series of organizational chart- what authority has what
chain of command
direct contact with inmates
line personnel
support line personnel (training officers/mental health professors)
staff personnel
chief administrator to the facility
warden / superintendent
supporting administrator to the chief administrator
correctional officers (safety /security of inmates)
custodial personnel
treatment staff
program personnel
warden who walks around talking to others
management by walking around
behavior that blurs, minimizes, or exchanges material goods or written correspondence- creating relations with inmates
boundary violations
prison managers
Cannot select their clients, have little or no control over the release of clients, must deal with clients who are against their will, must rely on clients to finish jobs, must depend on the maintenance of satisfactory relationships between clients and staff
any formal, structured activity that takes prisoners out of cells and let them do something
prison programs
make prison resemble the outside world (as much as possible) where released prisoners may go
parallel universe
the inmate works, gets training, and takes responsibility for planning their lives after release
accountability model
prisoners ought to receive no goods or services in excess
principle of least eligibility
to understand needs of prisoners
classification process
classification process
educational level, drug and alcohol history, mental health history, medical history, employment, criminal history
designed to distinguish inmates with respect to risk of escape, potential misconduct, and future criminal behavior
predictive model
use only few explicitly defined legal variables to classify inmates
equity-based model
treatment of the mind: in the prison setting this treatment is coercive in nature
drug treatments designed to amelicrate the severity of symptoms of psychological illness
psychotropic medications
treatment emphasizes personal responsibility for actions and consequences
reality therapy
usually done in groups that brings offenders face to face with the crimes consequences for victim and society
confrontation therapy
patterns of interaction with others especially patterns that indicate personal problems
transactional analysis
focuses on changing the thinking and reasoning patterns that accompany criminal behavior
cognitive skill building
induces new behavior through reinforcements (rewards and punishments) role modeling and other active forms of teaching
behavior therapy
attempts to create an institutional environment that supports prosocial attitudes and behaviors
social therapy
every aspect of the prison is designed to promote prosocial attitudes and behavior
therapeutic community
attempt to teach the offender cognitive and vocational skills to help find employment upon release
vocational rehabilitation
literacy programs, GED, college, 2nd language
educational programs
legal restrictions that prevent released felons from voting and holding elective office, engaging in certain professions and occupations, and associating with known offenders
civil disabilities
successful components of substance abuse programs
1. occurs in phases with residental treatment phase lasting 6-12 months
2. during treatment participants gradually earn privleges in therapeutic treatment setting
3. multiple treatment modalities used, psycotherapy, group therapy, vocational rehabilitation
4. staff and officials closely coordinate plans for release
5. treatment continues after release in therapy groups augmented by drug testing
(religious programming) instution doesnt have right to stop one from practicing a religion unless its harmful
first amendment programs
needs that, when successfully adressed by treatment programs, result in lower rates of recidivism
criminogenic needs
a labor system under which a prison bought machinery and raw materials with which inmates manufactured a salable product
public account system
a labor system which goods produced by prison inductries are purchases by state institutions and agencies exclusively and never enetes free market
state-use system
a labor system which prison inmates work on public construction and maintenance projects
public works and ways system
ok to DUI (accepted way of thinking)
dominant DUI paradigm
marry your 1st cousin (do it a lot so not bad)
folk crime
not ok to DUI
challenging DUI Paradigm
two or more drugs
license suspension
special deterrence
blood alcohol content
new BAC in PA
.08 per se clause
a deterrent
random breath testing and sobriety check points
license taken at scene
administrative license suspension
being able to handle more than you use to at some point liver wont work
put on car if several DUI's put in information or blow in tube to test- test every few minutes to make sure driver is sober
ignition interlock devices
victims come to talk to DUI offenders
victim impact panels
Typers of drinkers
-peer -social -problem
-dependent -alcoholic
Seeing things
delirium tremens
abuse more than one at a time
co-occurring disorder
makes excuses for alcoholic
dont even know im lying
life cirvles around the addict
excuses about drinking
crazy from alcohol
alcohol psychosis
skills for sober
therapeutic community
3-7 years old, children, are hyper, defiant, involuntary movement
oppositional defiant
ages 12-18- committing greater crimes
conduct disorder
a "chemical castration" drug that eliminates sexual response among men
a legal process that results in the removal of a conviction from official records
How many people die from DUI related accidents?
18,000 people/year
Average DUI violator
80 times/year and drives 3 3/4 years between arrests
reasons for jail crowding
-not immediate acceptance into prisons for those who should be sentenced there
-trial time is too long
solutions to jail crowding
before trial:
-increase availability of release options such as supervised release
-speeding up trials
after trial:
-policies regarding use of jails
-crime rates in jurisdiction served by the jails
problems with prison overcrowding
-opportunities for aggressive inmates to hide weapons
-misclassified and force to live among violent offenders
reasons for prison crowding
-too many offenders are sentenced to prisions
solutions to prison crowding
-Null strategy
-construction strategy
-intermediate sanctions
-prison population reduction
the strategy of doing nothing to relieve crowding in prisons, under the assumption that the problem is temporary and will disappear in time.
Null strategy
a strategy of building new facilities to meet the demand for prison space
construction strategy
one way to punish in the community those individuals who require some kind of punishment and supervision short of incarceration. Included community service, restitution, fines, boot camp, home confinement, and intensive probation supervision.
Intermediate sanctions
Parole, work release, and good time to get offenders out of prison before the end of their term to free space for newcomers.
prison population reduction
a facility with a podular architectural design and management policies that emphasizes interaction of inmates and staff and provision of services. made up of two or more pods
new-generation jail
self-contained living areas, for 12-25 inmates, composed of individual cells for privacy and open areas for social interaction
podular unit
a method of correctional supervision in which staff members have direct physical interaction with inmates throughout the day
direct supervision
goals for surveillance
-community protection
-makes offenders less likely to commit a crime
-catches active criminals earlier in their recidivism
surveillance controls
the use of drugs to control human behavior
drug controls
given to alcohol abusers
a drug used to control violent or aggressive behavior caused by psychiatric problems
a drug used to decrease the negative emotions associated with depression
Costs less than incarceration. helps probation officer to obtain direct, unbiased information about the offenders behavior and compliance with the law
elctronic controls
estabilished elements of treatment programs. ie: drug testing
programmatic controls
Policy makers have tried to escape prison overcrowding by claiming that community correctional programs are
as safe as prisions
One thing we know about chemical controls as techniques of surveillance and control is that they
are never 100% certain
Electronic monitoring has become particularly popular with
sex offenders
The English refer to electronic monitoring as
This allows the correctional worker to process an array of subtle information such as body language, attitudes, and odors, etc
personal contact
Routine, random contacts allow the correctional officer to observe a wider range of the offender's behavior in a broader array of situations, which yields a deeper understanding of the offender's
compliance with the law
These tests have recently been developed to aid in drug testing
on-the-spot tests
Various forms of surveillance are common in society and are not necessarily
a bad thing
Critics of some of the new types of community surveillance argue that whenever government is allowed to intervene into citizen's lives without restraint, ________ is the result.
The most direct limit to community surveillance and control is
The term for the ability to live freely with our families, in our homes and communities without being subjected to inordinate controls over our autonomy is
personal liberty
designed to give confidence to a doubting public that offenders living in the community pose no threat.
tough supervision
A basic motivation for surveillance programs is
institutional violence
Deterrence makes offenders less willing to commit a crime because they are being watched so closely and it also catches active criminals earlier in their
Drugs, electronics, human surveillance, and control programs used either separately or in combination are
techniques of survellance, control
one of the main strategies for controlling human behavior
probation officer can simply call the offender on the phone and conduct a face-to-face interview without leaving their office
visual monitoring via telephone lines control
potential losses to victims and to the system if the offenders fail; injury from violent crimes and public pressure
a range of correctional management strategies based on the degress of intrusiveness and control over the offender along which an offender is moved based on response to correctional programs
continuum of sanctions