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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Ordered Government
Government created by early english colonists that pretty much resembled what they knew - the England Government. They established offices we still have today - sheriff, coroner, assessor, and justice of the peace, the grand jury, countise, townships, and several others.
Limited Government
Each individual has rights that the government cannot take away.
Representative Government
Government should serve the will of the people.
Magna Carta
Included rights such as trial by jury and due process of law, protection against the arbitrary taking of life and liberty.
Petition of Right
Limited the King's power - the king no longer may imprison or otherwise punish any person but by the lawful judgement of his peers, or by the law of the land.
English Bill of Rights
Prohibited a standing army in peacetime. Required that all parliamentary elections be free.
A written grant of authority from the king.
To house of representatives.
Organized by a person who the king had made a grant of land.
One house of represenatives.
What were the Charter Colonies?
Rhode Island and Connecticut.
A joining of several groups for a common purpose.
Albany Plan of Union
Proposed formation of an annual congress of represenatives from each of the thirteen colonies.
What is the significance of Ancient Babylon, Greece, and Rome?
Democracy originated in Ancient Greece, "Eye for an Eye" in Babylon, representative democracy in Rome.
Describe the political beginnings/British influences on the United States.
When the english colonists first settled, they saw the need for an orderly regulation of government. They created local governments based on those they knew in England.
Main purpose of Declaration of Independance?
To justify the revolution.
Analyze ideas of Declaration of Independence.
Announces the Independance of the United States, also speaks of the repeated injuries and usurpations that led the colonists to revolt.
When was the critical period in American history?
The time when we were forced to write a new constitution from scratch and have it ratified.
What are the ten congressional powers under the articles of confederation?
Make war and peace, recieve ambassidors, make treaties, borrow money, set up a money system, establish post offices, build a navy, raise an army by asking states for troops, fix uni-standars of weighs and measures, settle disputes among the states.
Why did the founders want to change the articles of confederation?
They wanted the power to tax, regulate trade between the states, lack of power to make states obey the Articles of Confederation or the laws it made.
Delegates who attended the Philadelphia Convention.
Identify some of the sources from which some of the framers drew inspiration.
Edmund Randolph's quote, "Resolved ... that a national Government ought to be established consisting of a supreme Legislative, Executive, and Judiciary."
Explain how a constitution was the result of the compromises.
Virginia Plan and New Jersey Plan combined to form the Connecticut Plan.
Besides the two compromises, what others had to be made at the consitutional convention?
The selection of a president, treaty-making process, structure of national court system, amendment process.
What did U.S. constitution do that articles did not?
Set-up stronger central government.
How many states were needed to ratify the constitution?
Who were federalists and anti-federalists and what did each want?
Federalists wanted to ratify the constitution and anti-federalists did not.
What was the purpose of the federalist papers?
85 essays explaining the goals of the constitution.