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15 Cards in this Set

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Calcium testing
Detects the total calcium and is useful when the serum albumin is abnormal. It does not detect calcium levels in the bone
CEA
Carcinoembryonic antigen
Explain a use of CEA testing
Used to detect the recurrence of colonic adenocarcinoma following a surgical resection
Cholesterol - Total testing
Used for the assessment of lipid status, particularly as a risk factor for coronary artery disease
Cholesterol - total
greater than 5.5 mmol/L
associated with a significantly increased risk of coronary artery disease in all age groups
Name examples of causes of increased levels of Cholesterol
May be primary (familial hypercholsesterolaemia and other genetic disorders
Secondary (associated with hypothryoidism, biliary obstruction, nephrotic syndrome & others)
Cholinesterase - Erythrocyte testing
Useful in the detection of poisoning with organophosphate insecticides
Cortisol
Useful in the assessment of adrenocortical function
CK
Creatine kinase
Use of CK testing
assists in the diagnosis and monitoring of myocardial infarction and diseases affecting this skeletal muscle
Creatinine test
assist with assessment of renal function
Increased creatinine may indicate
conditions that reduce the glomerular filtration rate
ESR
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
Use of ESR testing
presence and monitoring of the progress of an orgainc disease or condition
Raised ESR may indicate
Pregnancy, inflammatory and neoplastic disese, chronic infections and disseminated carcinomas (eg myeloma)